Judicial Branch Review Question Preview (ID: 974)

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14. The Supreme Court ruling on the constitutionality of law is an example of which constitutional principle?
a) federalism
b) Judicial Review
c) checks and balances
d) separation of powers

15. Which of the following accurately describes the role of the Judicial Branch in the impeachment process?
a) The entire Supreme Court serves as the jury.
b) The Chief Justice oversees the impeachment proceedings.
c) The Judicial Branch does not have a role in the impeachment process.
d) The Supreme Court decides the sentence of the accused official.

What is the MAIN purpose of the Judicial Branch?
a) make laws
b) enforce laws
c) interpret laws
d) all

The United States has a dual court system which means…
a) there are separate courts set up on the state and federal levels.
b) you can only go to court two times a year.
c) all courts are run by the federal government.
d) all courts are run by the state government.

How many justices are the on the Supreme Court?
a) 6
b) 7
c) 8
d) 9

Which of the following characterizes the Supreme Court?
a) Final authority in any case involving the Constitution.
b) The only court specifically created in the Constitution.
c) Highest court in the land.
d) All of the above.

Of the nearly 7,000 appeals that are brought to the Supreme Court each year, how many cases does the Supreme Court agree to hear?
a) 50
b) 100
c) 150
d) 200

Which of the following best defines the term Writ of Certiorari?
a) An order from the Supreme Court to review a case from a lower court.
b) An order from the lower court to review a case from a higher court.
c) The power given to the Judicial branch to strike down any laws that are unconstitutional.
d) The power given to the Judicial branch to interpret the constitutionality of laws.

Which of the following best characterizes Judicial checks over the Executive Branch?
a) Supreme Court justices do not answer to the president.
b) Supreme Court justices can declare a president’s actions unconstitutional.
c) Supreme Court justices are appointed for life and do not have to look to the president for job security.
d) All

Which of the following best describes a majority opinion?
a) The opinion/view of a minority judge(s).
b) States reasons why a judge agrees with the decision but for a different reason.
c) States the decision of at least five Supreme Court Justices – this decision sets the precedent.
d) States reasons why a judge disagrees with a Supreme Court decision.

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