Earth Science Part 2: Question Preview (ID: 9637)

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Which of the following best describes P waves?
a) the waves that remain near the epicenter
b) the faster of the two kinds of earthquake waves
c) the most destructive kind of earthquake wave
d) the waves that produce data on a seismometer

Which of the following is used to quantify the magnitude of an earthquake?
a) Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
b) Richter scale
c) Geiger counter
d) pH meter

How does a scientist measure the distance of an earthquake\'s epicenter from a recording station?
a) by measuring the magnitude of the earthquake
b) by measuring the total distance at which an earthquake\'s effects are felt
c) by measuring the time difference between the first P wave and the first S wave
d) by measuring the amount of damage done to the recofding station

Two plates grind against each other in opposite directions, causing fractures in the rock.
a) mountain
b) trench
c) rift valley
d) fault

At a convergent plate boundary, the upper plate is folded back and pushed upward as the lower plate sinks down into the mantle. What landform is most likely to result from this?
a) fault
b) trench
c) rift valley
d) mountain

Two crustal plates move in opposite directions away from each other, creating a divergent boundary. What will form?
a) volcano
b) rift valley
c) trench
d) mountain

Fossils of tropical plants have been found in Antarctica. How is this phenomenon best explained?
a) Tropical plants were transported to Antarctica.
b) Plant seeds germinate when the weather is cold.
c) Tropical plants adapted to arctic climates over time.
d) Antarctica was once located closer to the equator

This can turn any rock into sediment.
a) heating and sinking
b) weathering and erosion
c) cooling and compaction
d) melting and softening

Which of the following provides the best evidence of plate tectonics?
a) Earth\'s gravity
b) water cycle
c) fossil distribution
d) tidal bulges

Which of the following best describes S waves?
a) the waves that cause the most damage
b) the waves that contain energy
c) the waves that travel in all directions
d) the waves that are released during aftershocks

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