Secession: Question Preview (ID: 9478)

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On December 20, 1860, South Carolina issued this document to formally declare its intention to break apart from the Union.
a) Constitution of the Confederate States
b) Ordinance of Secession
c) Ordinance of Nullification
d) Southern Manifesto

Which of the following was an argument used to support secession during the convention in 1860?
a) The southern states have no experience in self-government.
b) The Constitution of the United States is capable of solving the problem.
c) The federal government is abusing its power.
d) Secession will undoubtedly bring about a Civil War

Which of the following best describes how South Carolina's leaders felt about the issue of State's Rights in the decades prior to Civil War?
a) They believed that the state government should keep tight control over its citizens.
b) They believed that the nation's more populated states should make all the major decisions.
c) They believed that the laws in one state should apply to the rest of the states in the nation.
d) They believed that the federal government should not interfere with the laws of the state.

What was the central focus of the convention held by SC in 1852 to discuss the state's future?
a) To decide whether or not to abolish the use of slave labor.
b) To decide if, when, and how the state should secede from the union.
c) To decide whether or not to support Franklin Pierce for president.
d) To decide if SC should try to bring industry to the state, or to focus on agriculture.

Which is true about public education in South Carolina from 1820 to 1860?
a) Public education was common across the state and all children under 16 were enrolled.
b) It was not necessary because the majority were wealthy and sent their children to private schools.
c) It was very scarce and almost no children in rural communities went beyond elementary school.
d) It was common for those on small farms, but not large plantations because of their work load.

What was the major difference between the Nullifiers and the Unionists?
a) Nullifiers supported President Jackson and the Unionists Vice President Calhoun.
b) Nullifiers opposed the federal government and the Unionists supported the federal government.
c) Nullifiers wanted to develop industries and the Unionists wanted to remain agricultural.
d) Nullifiers wanted to abolish slavery and Unionists supported it.

Which of the following describes the change in attitude of South Carolinians towards the institution of slavery following the Vesey plot?
a) South Carolinians began to view slaves as smart and crafty, instead of non-threatening.
b) South Carolinians decided that it was better to let the slaves have some degree of freedom.
c) South Carolinians began to defend slavery just on principle.
d) South Carolinians began to feel that slavery was too risky and difficult.

Which of the following best describes a typical complaint that a South Carolinian might have about the federal government during the Nullification Crisis of the 1830s?
a) The federal government is trying to deny SC representation in the Senate.
b) The federal government is trying to stop individual states from trading with one another.
c) The federal government is trying to put an end to the plantation system in South Carolina.
d) The federal government is trying to infringe on the laws and rights of the individual states.

Which of the following is true about the changes in the population of African slaves from 1790 to 1820?
a) It decreased because while more blacks worked in the fields most were receiving wages.
b) It remained the same, while slave labor was common, slave importation was illegal.
c) It increased drastically as cotton plantations thrived.
d) It decreased because most blacks in SC moved North to avoid the hardships of slavery.

Political leaders in South Carolina agreed to the Compromise of 1808, which based representation in the General Assembly on:
a) wealth only
b) both population (white) and wealth
c) white population only
d) total population

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