Acute Renal Faiure: Question Preview (ID: 6795)

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The functional units of the kidneys are the
a) renal arteries
b) glomeruli
c) afferent arterioles
d) nephrons

Intrinsic ARF is also called
a) Prerenal
b) Intrarenal
c) Postrenal
d) Obstructive

Which condition predisposes a patient to prerenal AKF
a) Hypovolemia
b) Kidney stones
c) Pyelonephritis
d) Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Postrenal AKF may be caused by
a) Acute tubualr necrosis
b) Renal artery stenosis
c) Glomerulonephritis
d) Prostate cancer

The time between kidney injury and reduction in kidney function is the
a) Recovery phase
b) Oliguric phase
c) Diuretic phase
d) Initial phase

The oliguric phase usually lasts
a) 12-72 hours
b) 1-7 days
c) 10-21 days
d) 1-12 hours

Normalization of acid- base and electrolyte imbalances begins during the
a) Diruetic phase
b) Recovery phase
c) Initial phase
d) Oliguric phase

In patients with hypovolemia, assess for
a) hypertension
b) orthostatic hypotension
c) JVD
d) s3 on auscultation

Which is not appropriate when treating the patient in severe hyperkalemia?
a) Administer cation-ion exchange resins
b) Administer insulin/dextrose/bicarb drug combo
c) Administer insulin/bicarb drug combo
d) Administer calcium to prevent dysrhythmias

Which is not a category of ARF?
a) Onset phase
b) Prerenal
c) Postrenal
d) Intrinsic

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