Weather And Climate Question Preview (ID: 58557)


This Test Will Cover TEK 5.8A.

Which of the following processes is responsible for changing liquid water into water vapor?
a) Transpiration
b) Condensation
c) Evaporation
d) Precipitation

What is the main cause of water evaporation from the oceans?
a) Wind and wave action
b) Currents in the ocean
c) Heat energy from the ocean floor
d) Heat energy from the sun

The rainy season is from March - June each year.
a) This is an example of climate.
b) This is an example of weather.
c)
d)

Which of the following events in the water cycle is an example of solar energy being absorbed?
a) Water vapor condensing to form clouds
b) Water evaporation from the surface of an ocean
c) Rain freezing as it falls to the ground
d) Clouds releasing precipitation over a mountain

The climate in the southwest area of the United States is dry and warm with sunny days. What kind of information helped the MOST in describing this climate?
a) Recording temperatures for a week
b) Observing animals and plants living in the area
c) Reviewing multiple years' worth of rainfall amount
d) Determine the elevation of the location

On September 17, 1992 there was a hurricane in Houston.
a) This is an example of climate.
b) This is an example of weather.
c)
d)

Texas has long, hot summers.
a) This is an example of climate.
b) This is an example of weather.
c)
d)

Scientist are studying rainfall and the water levels of a lake for 30 years. What are they studying?
a) Climate, because they are measuring over a long period of time
b) Climate, because they are measuring the rainfall
c) Weather, because they expect rainfall to continue
d) Weather, because they are tracking changes to the environment

Meteorologists forecast this.
a) Weather
b) Climate
c)
d)

Which statement best describes weather?
a) February is the coldest month in Amarillo.
b) August and September are generally the best months to go camping in the Guadalupe Mountains.
c) It is usually more humid in Dallas compared to El Paso.
d) There is a 60% chance for precipitation in Midland tomorrow.

Which statement below describes a scientist studying weather?
a) A scientist studied the average rainfall over a 30-year period.
b) Using tree rings a scientist studied flooding over the last century.
c) A meteorologist give a forecast for the next 10 days.
d) A meteorologist mentions the annual rainfall for the month of May.

Which process is NOT essential for the water cycle to occur?
a) Water vapor condensing
b) Energy being transferred from the Sun
c) Liquid water evaporating
d) Water precipitating to the clouds

Sandra visited her grandma in Florida over Thanksgiving. She noticed that they were selling bathing suits at the stores. Her grandma said they sell bathing suits all year because Florida is warm.
a) Weather
b) Climate
c)
d)

Winds are currently blowing from the North in Denton, Texas.
a) Weather
b) Climate
c)
d)

James grabbed a rain coat before catching the school bus. It was already cloudy and the TV news reported that there would be rain all day long in Houston.
a) Weather
b) Climate
c)
d)

Which statement below describes climate?
a) It’s hot outside.
b) It’s cold and snowing outside.
c) It's normally warm outside.
d) It’s raining outside.

Temperatures in the Artic are usually below freezing year round.
a) Weather
b) Climate
c)
d)

Each school year for 30 years, the amount of rain that fell at a school was measured and recorded. Tracking rainfall over a long period provides the most information about which characteristic of an area?
a) Climate
b) Weather
c)
d)

Which of these best describes climate rather than weather?
a) Wind speed is changing as a storm moves through an area.
b) Annual high temperatures in the summer have increased over many decades.
c) The temperature is decreasing in a slow-moving cold front.
d) The rainfall during one year was greater than the rainfall during the next year.

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