January 2019 Earth Science Regents Questions 11-20 Question Preview (ID: 55141)


Use Your Knowledge Of Earth Science To Answer All Questions In The Data Set. You Will Need Your Earth Science Reference Tables And A Calculator To Answer Some Of The Questions. Good Luck. Corresponding Data Sets: 55145, 55144, 55143, 55141, 55140.

These parallel scratches were most likely caused by


a) ocean waves
b) running water
c) movement of glacial ice
d) sandblasting by wind

What are the inferred pressure and interior temperature at the boundary between Earth’s outer core and inner core?
a) 3.1 million atmospheres pressure and an interior temperature of 6300°C
b) 3.1 million atmospheres pressure and an interior temperature of 6700°C
c) 3.6 million atmospheres pressure and an interior temperature of 6300°C
d) 3.6 million atmospheres pressure and an interior temperature of 6700°C

Which fossil has not been found in the New York State rock record?
a) Silurian eurypterids
b) Triassic dinosaur footprints
c) Permian trilobites
d) Pleistocene mastodont bones

Approximately how many million years ago (mya) were all of Africa and South America inferred to be located south of the equator?
a) 59 mya
b) 119 mya
c) 232 mya
d) 359 mya

Which two mantle hot spots are located at midocean ridges?
a) Iceland and Yellowstone
b) Galapagos and Tasman
c) St. Helena and Hawaii
d) Easter Island and Bouvet

Specific heat is used to explain why different substances
a) sink or fl oat in water
b) change temperature at different rates
c) vaporize or condense at different temperatures
d) melt and freeze at the same temperature

What is the approximate percentage of Earth’s history during which humans have existed, compared to the age of Earth?
a) 0.04%
b) 1.79%
c) 4.65%
d) 8.32%

Clouds are formed when moist, rising air
a) contracts and cools, and water vapor condenses
b) contracts and warms, and water evaporates
c) expands and cools, and water vapor condenses
d) expands and warms, and water evaporates

What is the dewpoint when the air temperature is 28°C and the relative humidity is 47%?
a) 8°C
b) 13°C
c) 16°C
d) 19°C

Landscapes with a faulted and folded surface bedrock structure, steep slopes, and high elevations are classified as
a) mountains
b) lowlands
c) plains
d) plateaus

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