August 2018 Earth Science Regents Questions 21-30 Question Preview (ID: 55128)

Use Your Knowledge Of Earth Science To Answer All Questions In The Data Set. You Will Need Your Earth Science Reference Tables And A Calculator To Answer Some Of The Questions. Good Luck. Corresponding Data Sets: 55132, 55130, 55128, 55127, 55126.

Which equation is used to determine the approximate rate of Earth’s revolution?
a) Approximate rate of Earth’s revolution 365°/360 days
b) Approximate rate of Earth’s revolution 365°/24 hours
c) Approximate rate of Earth’s revolution 360°/365 days
d) Approximate rate of Earth’s revolution 24°/360 h

Which table correctly indicates the solar times at locations A and B when it is 12 noon at location X?

a) A 6 a.m B 9 a.m
b) A 6 a.m. B 3 p.m
c) A 6 p.m. B 9 a.m.
d) A 6 p.m. B 3 p.m.

Which rock has never melted, but was produced by great heat and pressure, which distorted and rearranged its minerals?
a) siltstone
b) breccia
c) pegmatite
d) metaconglomerate

Which agent of erosion is primarily responsible for the formation of these barrier islands?
a) wave action
b) landslides
c) streams
d) glacial ice

Which terms best describe this rock?

a) non-crystalline and vesicular
b) coarse and non-vesicular
c) clastic and fragmental
d) foliated and banded

Which two rocks usually consist of only one mineral, but may contain additional minerals?
a) hornfels and diorite
b) quartzite and dunite
c) rock salt and basalt
d) gabbro and bituminous coal

What is the approximate gradient from point A to point B on the island?

a) 1000 ft/mi
b) 1250 ft/mi
c) 2000 ft/mi
d) 2500 ft/mi

Which three minerals are most likely used in the construction of a house?
a) graphite, pyrite, and halite
b) garnet, galena, and sulfur
c) talc, amphibole, and fluorite
d) selenite gypsum, dolomite, and muscovite mica

As a quartz pebble is transported by a stream, the pebble will become more rounded as a result of
a) dissolving as water is running over the rock
b) abrasion by colliding with other rocks
c) deposition in well-sorted layers
d) resistance to weathering and erosion

What is the best classification of this fossil, and during which geologic time period did the organism that produced this fossil exist?

a) Classification: Coral; Geologic time period: Permian
b) Classification: Coral; Geologic time period: Ordovician
c) Classification: Trilobite; Geologic time period: Permian
d) Classification: Trilobite; Geologic time period: Ordovician

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