Scientific Revolution And The Age Of Enlightenment: Question Preview (ID: 5292)

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Which statement best describes the effects of the works of Copernicus, Galileo, Newton and Descartes?
a) The acceptance of traditional authority was strengthened.
b) The scientific method was used to solve problems
c) Funding for education was increased
d) Interest in Greek and Roman drama was renewed

A major concept promoted by philosophers of the Enlightenment was the need for
a) a return to traditional medieval ideas
b) the use of reason for rational and logical thinking
c) overseas expansion by western European nations
d) strengthening the power of the organized religions

The Enlightenment philosophers believed that the power of government is derived from
a) divine right rulers
b) the middle class
c) a strong military
d) those who are governed

The writings of the 18th century French philosophers Diderot, Rousseau, and Voltaire influenced the
a) policies of enlightened despots
b) start of the Neolithic Revolution
c) success of the German unification movement
d) spread of imperialism to Africa and Asia

One similarity of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment is that both
a) had the support of the Roman Catholic Church
b) placed great value on traditional beliefs
c) emphasized the value of human reasoning
d) contributed to the end of feudalism

The statements of John Locke would provide support for the
a) elimination of laissez-faire capitalism
b) formation of government based on a social contract
c) continuation of absolute monarchy
d) rejection of the natural rights philosophy

Which solution would Baron de Montesquieu offer to avoid the enactment of tyrannical laws?
a) granting freedom of speech
b) reinstating absolute monarchies
c) separating the branches of government
d) limiting natural laws

The ideas of Rousseau, Voltaire, and Montesquieu most influenced
a) the growing power of priests in the Roman Catholic Church
b) improvements in the working conditions of factory workers
c) the rise of industrial capitalism
d) movements for political reform

The writings of Jean Jacques Rousseau, Baron de Montesquieu, and John Locke were similar in that each supported the principles of
a) a military dictatorship
b) an autocracy
c) a theocratic society
d) a democratic republic

Laissez-faire capitalism as attributed to Adam Smith called for
a) heavy taxation of manufacturers
b) strict government control of the economy
c) minimal government involvement in the economy
d) government investments in major industries

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