Geology Question Preview (ID: 516)


Earth Science.

Fossils are imprints of ancient organisms and are found in what kind of rock?
a) Sedimentary
b) Igneous
c) Metamorphic
d) Diamonds

In a sedimentary rock column, how will you know which layer is the oldest?
a) It will be the layer on top.
b) It will be the layer with the biggest pieces of sediment.
c) It will be the layer on the bottom
d) It will be the layer that contains a fossil.

When magma or lava cools and hardens, it becomes this kind of rock.
a) Metamorphic
b) Igneous
c) Sedimentary
d) Gold

All of the following are true about the formation of metamorphic rock EXCEPT...
a) Metamorphic rock is formed deep in the Earth's crust.
b) Metamorphic rock is formed by extreme heat and pressure.
c) Metamorphic rock may have been an igneous or sedimentary rock at one time.
d) Metamorphic rock is formed in layers.

Which is the correct sequence of events in the formation of sedimetary rock?
a) Erosion, Weathering, Deposition, Cementation
b) Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, Cementation
c) Deposition, Weathering, Erosion, Cementation
d) Cementation, Deposition, Erosion, Weathering

Small pieces of weathered rock are called sediment. Which is NOT a sediment?
a) Water
b) Sand
c) Silt
d) Clay

All of the following are true about soil EXCEPT...
a) Soil contains sediment from weathered rocks.
b) Soil contains both organic and inorganic components.
c) Soil is a habitat for many organisms.
d) All soils are excellent at retaining water.

When two tectonic plates move apart or slide, they can cause a(n)
a) Snowstorm
b) Earthquake
c) Stalactite
d) Fold mountain

All of the following are formed by constructive forces (buildup) EXCEPT...
a) Volcanoes
b) Mountains
c) Stalagmites
d) Gorges and trenches

A student wants to find the masses of different sediments. What tool does he need?
a) Spring scale
b) Balance
c) Ruler
d) Graduated cylinder.

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