Human Geography: Agriculture Review Question Preview (ID: 51286)

Agriculture Unit Review.

A food assemblage that includes olives, pita bread, cheese, figs, lamb, and wine is most associated with which of the following?
a) Spain
b) Greece
c) Mexico
d) France

A set of economic and political relationships that organizes food production from the development of seed to marketing the products is known as
a) food processing
b) agribusiness
c) mechanized farming
d) mixed crop and livestock farming

According to the theory of environmental deter-minism, which of the following areas would have the most productive settlements?
a) Temperate regions
b) Tropical regions
c) Arctic regions
d) Arid regions

Which of the following agricultural practices has the most significant long-term environmental impact in tropical regions?
a) Clearing small patches of land to pasture dairy cows, which decreases water pollution from runoff
b) Building terraces on sloping land to grow rice, which destabilizes hillsides
c) Burning extensive areas of forested land to create pasture, which decreases biodiversity
d) Moving livestock to higher pasture areas in the spring, which leads to soil degradation

Which of the following spatial patterns is best explained by bid-rent theory?
a) Concentric rings of different agricultural activities surrounding a city in the midwestern United States
b) Rural-to-urban migration increasing the population density to eastern China
c) Linear settlements located along a major road in a densely forested area of Brazil
d) Dispersed settlement throughout a large mountainous area of Switzerland

Which of the following explains why multiple early hearths of domestication and diffusion of plants and animals arose across the world in Central America, the Fertile Crescent, the Indus River valley, and Southeast Asia?
a) Domestication of plants and animals began in Central America and the process diffused to other areas through the early explor
b) Domestication of plants and animals evolved in each hearth independently of one another as societies in each area learned and
c) Domestication of plants and animals began in Southeast Asia and the process diffused to other areas as nomadic warriors conqu
d) Domestication of plants and animals began in the Fertile Crescent and the process diffused as pastoral nomads migrated to oth

Dramatic increases in global grain production since 1950 have been made possible by
a) substantial increases in the amount of land under cultivation
b) global warming
c) an increase in the urban workforce
d) an increase in the use of energy and technology

During the first half of the twentieth century, which of the following facilitated the transportation of beef over long distances to global markets?
a) Commercial canning
b) Irradiation of food
c) Refrigerated ships
d) High-speed railroads

Which of the following forms of agriculture would best be described as extensive farming?
a) Cattle ranching and wheat farming
b) Dairy and poultry farming
c) Citrus production and vineyards to produce table grapes
d) Floral horticulture and tree nurseries

During the Green Revolution, agricultural practices from more developed countries diffused to less developed countries in Asia and Africa. Which of the following best explains the Green Revolution's highly variable level of success in increasing agri
a) The increased yield of the Green Revolution in sub-Saharan Africa decreased the incidence of famine, but the program was unsu
b) Small-scale farmers in Asia often lacked the resources necessary to acquire the hybrid seeds and the chemical inputs to grow
c) The Green Revolution was not successful in China because the strain of rice produced was prone to widespread crop failures, a
d) Rice production surpassed all other crop production in sub-Saharan Africa, but corn production in Mexico was less successful

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