Earth Science II Question Preview (ID: 500)

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What planet is closest in distance to the Earth?
a) Venus
b) Jupiter
c) Mars
d) Mercury

All of the following are true about the sun EXCEPT...
a) The sun is a star with a corona.
b) The sun is made of hydrogen and helium gases.
c) Solar power is a non-renewable energy resource.
d) The sun is the source of energy for all Earth cycles.

What causes day and night on Earth?
a) The revolution of the Earth around the sun.
b) The rotation of the Earth on its axis.
c) The revolution of the moon around the Earth.
d) The rotation of the sun.

All of the following are true about the moon EXCEPT...
a) The moon has mountains and craters.
b) The moon has no atmosphere.
c) The moon has dark areas called Maria.
d) The moon has a water cycle like Earth's.

What causes seasons on Earth?
a) The Earth travels closer to the sun.
b) The Earth's tilt affects how much direct sunlight is received by each hemisphere.
c) The Earth rotates on its axis.
d) The Moon revolves around the Earth.

Name the next moon phase in the lunar cycle: New Moon, Waxing Crescent, _______
a) First quarter moon.
b) Third quarter moon.
c) Waxing Gibbous.
d) Waning Crescent.

The moon makes a revolution about once each ___________
a) Day
b) Week
c) Month
d) Year

All of the following are true about star constellations EXCEPT...
a) Constellations can be seen without a telescope.
b) Constellations change shape and position in the sky.
c) Constellations never change shape or position in the sky.
d) The North Star (Polaris) is part of the Little Dipper constellation.

How many rotations of the Earth are in the month of November?
a) 30
b) 1
c) 31
d) 7

How many Moon orbits are in the month of November?
a) 30
b) 365
c) 1
d) 7

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