Microbes: Question Preview (ID: 4530)

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A group of medicines used to kill or slow the growth of bacteria that cause disease.
a) Antibiotic
b) Antimicrobial product
c) Vaccine
d) Vector

A disease that cannot be spread from one organism to another.
a) Parasite
b) Infectious disease
c) Noninfectious disease
d) Virus

Which of the following can be used to kill a virus?
a) antibiotics
b) vaccine
c) antimicrobial product
d) viruses can not be killed, because they are not a living organism

Which statement best describes what happens when antibiotics are used too frequently?
a) new types of viral infections
b) more colds and flu
c) bacterial infections that are hard to treat
d) none of the above.

What is the difference between a vector and a pathogen?
a) A vector is an animal that carries the disease.
b) A pathogen is an animal that carries the disease.
c) Both are animals that carry the disease.
d) A vector is a disease carrying animal; a pathogen is a microbe that causes disease.

Why are viruses not considered living things?
a) Viruses are not made of cells.
b) Viruses do not contain hereditary material.
c) Viruses cannot make their own nutrients.
d) Viruses can be seen only with an electron microscope.

Which of the following organisms is a prokaryote?
a) a virus
b) a yeast
c) a coccus
d) an amoeba

Which of the following structures is found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
a) nucleus
b) ribosome
c) lysosome
d) endoplasmic reticulum

How does the size of a bacterium compare with the size of a virus?
a) They are the same in size.
b) A bacterium is smaller than a virus.
c) A virus is smaller than a bacterium.
d) They are similar.

Against which disease will an antibiotic be effective?
a) Strep Throat
b) Herpes
d) Influenza

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