Global Winds, Temperature Inversions & Ocean Currents: Question Preview (ID: 453)

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Energy from the sun causes which of the following?
a) volcanoes
b) mountains being built
c) magma rising through the Earth's interior
d) wind and ocean circulation

Why does the equator get more solar energy?
a) Because it's covered by more land.
b) Because it has more plants to absorb the sunlight.
c) Because the sun's light hits the equator at almost a vertical angle.
d) Because days near the equator are longer than anywhere else.

Why do surface ocean currents bend as they flow?
a) Because of the Coriolis Effect
b) Because of Earth's tilt
c) Because of global winds
d) Because of deep ocean currents

How do we get winds?
a) The Coriolis Effect produces them.
b) Gravity causes air to move and make wind.
c) Friction creates wind.
d) Differences in air pressure between places.

Air moving from the North Pole to the Equator turns west. Why?
a) Because the shape of the land gets in the way of it.
b) Because of large cities surrounded by farms.
c) Because of our planet's rotation.
d) Because of the Earth's magnetic field.

The deflection of wind and water caused by Earth's rotation is called...
a) transpiration.
b) Coriolis effect.
c) solar corona.
d) caldera effect.

In a temperature inversion, cool air is trapped near the ground by a layer of...
a) clouds.
b) fresh air.
c) colder air.
d) warm air.

What effect can a temperature inversion have on a large city.
a) Increased storms.
b) Really cold temperatures that can harm plants.
c) Sleet and hail storms.
d) Enhanced pollution.

What is the average salinity of ocean water?
a) 1.5%
b) 3.5%
c) 10%
d) 35%

Air rising near the equator results in...
a) deserts.
b) rain forests.
c) icebergs.
d) temperature inversions.

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