Unit 1 Test Practice Question Preview (ID: 43774)

Use This To Study For The Unit 1 Social Studies Test.[print questions]

The process of impeachment described in the Constitution is an example of what principle?
a) Separation of Powers
b) Republicanism
c) Federalism
d) Checks and Balances

Which best illustrates the system of checks and balances in the United States government?
a) Congress overrides a veto by the President
b) The House and Senate pass different versions of the same bill
c) The Supreme Court reverses an earlier decision
d) The President fires a member of the cabinet

If the President has vetoed a bill, the U.S. Constitution provides that the bill will become a law when the bill is...
a) Declared constitutional (fair) by the Supreme Court
b) Passed again (overridden) by a 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress
c) Approved by 3/4 of state legislatures
d) Approved by a joint committee of Congress

When a President vetoes a bill, what principle of the Constitution is at work?
a) Federalism
b) Checks and Balances
c) Republicanism
d) Popular Sovereignty

Which action is an example of the Supreme Court's power of judicial review?
a) Congress overrides the President's veto of a court reform bill
b) The Senate refuses to ratify an appointee to the Supreme Court
c) The Supreme Court declares that a minimum wage law is unconstitutional
d) Congress impeaches and convinces a judge of wrongdoing

According to the Constitution, what power does the Supreme Court have?
a) Appoint its own members
b) Review laws to make sure they are constitutional and fair
c) Preside over hearings to approve a treaty
d) Declare war

According to the Constitution, what power does the president have?
a) Sign or veto bills passed by Congress
b) Establish income tax rates
c) Review Supreme Court decisions
d) Raise money for political parties

Passing marriage and divorce laws, creating vehicle and traffic regulations, and setting high school graduation requirements are examples of powers...
a) Exercised only by local governments (city, county)
b) Reserved to the state governments
c) Given entirely to the federal government
d) Shared by the national and local governments

Which statement is an example of federalism?
a) Cabinet members are appointed by the president
b) Bills dealing with taxation must begin in the House of Representatives
c) The national government coins money, but states cannot
d) The president can negotiate treaties, but the Senate has the power to ratify them

What did the principle of federalism in the Constitution provide for?
a) Separation of powers of the three branches of government
b) Placement of ultimate sovereignty in the hands of the state governments
c) Division of power between the state governments and the national government
d) Creation of a republican form of government

Separation of powers, individual rights and federalism are constitutional principles that...
a) Establish limits on the power of the federal government
b) Ensure legislative and executive equality
c) Increase the power of the national government and decrease the power of the states
d) Settle conflicts between state and national authorities

The major economic decisions/choices in the United States today are made by...
a) The unrestricted operation of laws of supply and demand
b) The interaction of producers, consumers, and the government
c) A central planning committee
d) Labor union leadership

Which is a characteristic of an economic recession or depression?
a) High unemployment
b) Rising GDP
c) High inflation
d) Increased consumer confidence

Which generalization about democracy is most valid?
a) Democracy requires a highly industrialized society
b) Democracy first evolved in North America
c) Democracies prevent their citizens from traveling abroad
d) Democratic governments protect basic freedoms

Which mountain chain extends from the United States into Canada?
a) Rocky Mountains
b) Ozark Mountains
c) Appalachian Mountains
d) Sierra Nevada Mountains

Which was the first physical feature that settlers would have encountered as they moved west from the Atlantic Ocean and prevented migration?
a) Great Plains
b) Mississippi River
c) Rocky Mountains
d) Appalachian Mountains

This river is the chief river in North America and the 2nd longest river in the United States. It is used for shipping goods from the interior of the United States to the Gulf of Mexico. This river is...
a) Ohio River
b) Mississippi River
c) Kentucky River
d) Missouri River

Which area of the United States would settlers have had the greatest need to conserve water?
a) Northeast
b) Northwest
c) Southeast
d) Southwest

Which is most likely the result of high unemployment?
a) An increase in consumer spending
b) A decrease in consumer spending
c) An increase in sales tax
d) A decrease in the need for social services

With which of these government actions is the Consumer Price Index (CPI) associated?
a) Imposing economic sanctions
b) Reducing unemployment
c) Measuring the rate of inflation
d) Offering federal business loans

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