Periodic Table Question Preview (ID: 43108)

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Which list contains only objects made up of atoms?
a) steel, water, sand, dolphin
b) light, rock, apple, squirrel
c) palm tree, electricity, salt, air
d) paper, vinegar, heat helium

Which basic units of matter have the same properties as an element?
a) protons
b) neutrons
c) atoms
d) electrons

All matter in a pitcher of lemonade is made up of what?
a) molecules in atoms
b) atoms in molecules
c) human-made materials
d) single elements

Atoms combine to form what?
a) protons
b) electrons
c) atoms
d) molecules

Which of the following is not made of atoms?
a) pizza
b) socks
c) light
d) cells

In order to determine if two atoms are copper (Cu) atoms, what must be the same for each?
a) the number of valence electrons
b) the number of protons
c) the charge of the atom
d) the size of the atom

Aluminum is an element. Which of the following best describes the smallest particle of aluminum that retains all the properties of aluminum?
a) a molecule
b) an atom
c) a proton
d) an electron

The separate atoms that make up a wooden table cannot be seen because the atoms are _____.
a) moving too fast
b) packed tightly together
c) too small
d) hidden beneath the surface

The Greek philosopher Aristotle described matter with the phrase “unable to be divided.” The modern concept that grew from Aristotle’s idea is the ____.
a) atom
b) proton
c) neutron
d) electron

An atom is described as a nucleus of protons and neutrons surrounded by a(n)
a) protons
b) neutron cloud
c) electron cloud
d) negative force

Atomic weight in the periodic table refers to ____________.
a) the number of electrons in an atom of each element
b) the number of neutrons in an atom of each element
c) the number of protons and electrons in an atom of each element
d) the average weight of atoms of the different isotopes of that element

Beryllium, magnesium and calcium are all located in group 2 of the periodic table. What else do these elements have in common?
a) They all have the same atomic weight.
b) They are all radioactive.
c) They are Noble gases.
d) They have similar properties.

The periodic table ____________.
a) arranges the elements in alphabetical order
b) arranges the elements in the order in which they were discovered
c) arranges the elements based on common physical properties and how they react with each other
d) arranges the elements in the order of their melting points

What are the electrons in the outermost shell of an atom called ?
a) valence electrons
b) ions
c) orbitals
d) neutrons

Where are electrons found in an atom?
a) orbitals
b) columns
c) periods
d) force fields

The noble gases helium, neon, argon and krypton are all located in group 18 of the periodic table. What can you predict about these elements, based on their group?
a) These elements react with many non-metals to form electrolytes.
b) These elements are unstable and will easily react with metals to form rust.
c) These elements are very common in the atmosphere.
d) These elements are so stable they do not easily react with anything.

What is the atomic weight of copper?
a) 29
b) 63.55
c) 58.933
d) 27

The halogens are located where on the periodic table?
a) group 18
b) group 17
c) period 6
d) group 1

Which element is a transition metal?
a) carbon (C)
b) gold (Au)
c) sodium (Na)
d) magnesium (Mg)

Which of the following is a true statement regarding the periodic table?
a) Each period is a member of the same family.
b) Each group shares the same atomic number.
c) Each family in the periodic table contains at least one metal.
d) Each element in a family has similar chemical properties.

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