# Day 5: Force, Motion And Energy Review Question Preview (ID: 42377)

### 8th Grade Science STAAR Review Over Forms Of Energy And Newton's Laws. TEACHERS: click here for quick copy question ID numbers.Answers? Play games to get them!

10. At what point on a roller coaster does the train have the highest potential energy?
a) A. at the bottom of the first drop
b) B. at the top of the second hill
d) D. at the top of the first drop

11. What energy transformations are occurring in this scenario?
a) A. electrical energy-- mechanical energy-- light energy
b) B. solar energy-- electrical energy -- light energy
c) C. solar energy-- mechanical energy-- light energy
d) D. solar energy-- electrical energy-- mechanical energy

8. A tennis ball being dropped, then bouncing upward after hitting the ground is an example of:
a) A. the law of inertia
b) B. the law of force and acceleration
c) C. the law of action-reaction
d) D. the law of reflection

9. Consider the two examples below. In which instance is more work done?
a) A. Example A
b) B. Example B
c) C. Example A and Example B represent the same amount of work
d) D. Neither example represent any work done

6. Josh Hamilton crushes a home run over the center field wall. The ball struck with a force of 20N. How much force does the ball apply to the bat?
a) A. 5N
b) B. 10N
c) C. 20N
d) D. 40N

7. You launch two different model rockets using two different engines. Each engine produces a different amount of force. What conclusion can you reach about the mass of the two rockets?
a) A. The mass of the two rockets are the same.
b) B. The mass of the first rocket is double the mass of the second rocket.
c) C. The mass of the second rocket is double the mass of the first rocket.
d) D. There is not enough information to compare the mass of the two rockets.

12. At which point on a roller coaster does the train have the highest kinetic energy?
a) A. at the bottom of the first drop
b) B. at the top of the second hill
d) D. at the top of the first drop

5. The data chart below indicates how carts of different mass accelerate when a constant force is applied. Using the data, determine the amount of force used in Newtons
a) A. 1 N
b) B. 2N
c) C. 4N
d) D. 8N

4. you pull Nick on a skate board at a constant acceleration. A friend who weight the same as Nick gets on the skateboard too. How is the force you have to apply affected to maintain a constant acceleration?
a) A. There will be no change to the required amount of force.
b) B. The amount of force required is slightly increased.
c) C. The amount of force required is doubled.
d) D. The amount of force required is four-times as great.

3. In the case of a car crash, the body's inertia will continue to carry it in its initial direction. If the person is wearing a seatbelt, in which direction will this force act?
a) A. to the right
b) B. to the left
c) C. upward
d) D. downward

2. When in orbit the space shuttle used very little rocket power to maintain its speed despite traveling over 15,000 mph. How were NASA engineers able to do this?
a) A. The shuttle is very massive and must burn its rockets at full power to achieve this speed.
b) B. The space shuttle was able to use a special coating in order to achieve its fast speed in space.
c) C. Gravity provides the necessary force to keep the shuttle traveling at a high rate of speed
d) D. Speed generated from force of rockets during liftoff is maintained throughout the flight since there is no air friction

1. Susan kicks a soccer ball across a grassy field and it eventually comes to a stop. If Newton's law of inertia is true, why did the ball stop?
a) A. Newton's law only applies to objects at rest.
b) B. The mass of the ball is not great enough to have inertia.
c) C. Friction with the grass applies a net force on the ball causing it to decrease in speed.
d) D. Gravity slowed the ball until it came to a stop.

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TEACHERS / EDUCATORS