8.4.1-5 Review Earth Systems Question Preview (ID: 42373)

Utah SEED Standards.

Southern California has had the worst year on record for wildfires on record in 2017. What environmental cause most likely increased the chances of wildfires catching and spreading in the area?
a) Drought
b) Hurricanes
c) Landslides
d) Earthquakes

Which of the following options best explains how scientists could predict the location of the next big earthquake?
a) It’s a guess; we can’t predict earthquakes
b) They watch the fault lines for movement
c) They look at the history of earthquakes in the area and see how often they occur
d) They use satellite images to look at the faults as a whole

Which of the following are sources of carbon dioxide?
a) Cellular respiration
b) Burning fossil fuels
c) Volcano eruptions
d) All of the above

Can natural disasters be predicted?
a) No, they are random and there are no signs they will occur
b) No, we do not have the technology to predict natural disasters
c) Yes, all natural disasters can be predicted accurately every time they occur
d) Yes, there are signs before some natural disasters occur that allow us to predict them

Which of the following is a greenhouse gas?
a) Carbon dioxide
b) Water Vapor
c) Methane
d) All of the above

What is a greenhouse gas?
a) A gas that traps heat in the atmosphere
b) A gas that allows heat to move freely in and out of the atmosphere
c) A gas that is required in a greenhouse for plant growth
d) A gas that is needed for cellular respiration to take place

Which of the following is a way to conserve water in landscaping?
a) Have landscaping that includes plants that require infrequent watering
b) Use desert grass for your lawn
c) Use drip irrigation instead of sprinklers for your flower beds
d) All of the above

A city has decided to log the nearby forest. What are some ways they could reduce the negative environmental impacts in the area?
a) They could replant a new tree for every tree harvested
b) They could only harvest the largest 40% of the trees in the forest
c) They could leave a portion of it as a nature reserve
d) All of the above

Which of the following is an example of a renewable resource?
a) Coal
b) Oil
c) Solar Energy
d) Natural Gas

Which of the following is an example of a non-renewable resource?
a) Wool
b) Cotton
c) Coal
d) Wind Energy

Is wood considered a renewable or nonrenewable resource?
a) Non-renewable; we can’t ever grow enough new trees to replace what we’ve already harvested.
b) Renewable; as long as we plant as many as we harvest
c) Non-renewable; eventually the supply of timber won’t meet the need for it
d) Renewable; the Earth’s processes make enough that humans will never run out

Bill thinks that if you just choose a place and start digging, you can strike gold! Why can you not dig anywhere and strike gold?
a) Because gold is too dense to ever be found in the crust of the earth.
b) Because gold is only found in some places where Earth processes have deposited it.
c) Because gold is only found in rivers and streams; you can’t dig for it.
d) Because gold has already been almost completely mined from the Earth’s crust.

What type of rock are metals usually found in concentrated amounts?
a) Sedimentary
b) Igneous
c) Round Rocks

What type of rock are fossil fuels usually found in concentrated amounts
a) Sedimentary
b) Igneous
c) Metamorphic

Bill is looking for the cheapest land to begin a mining operation, and isn’t surveying the land to determine the mineral content of the ground before considering purchase. Is this a good or bad idea, and why?
a) It’s a good idea, because it will save him time, allowing him to purchase the best land before anyone else
b) It’s a good idea, because all land has minerals of some kind worth mining
c) It’s a bad idea, because resources are unequally distributed, and the land he purchases might not have any mineable resour
d) It’s a bad idea, because it’s better to buy land that already has had mines in the past.

What causes the uneven distribution of natural resources on Earth?
a) Different geologic processes form different rock.
b) Humans have built empires have more natural resources
c) Earth’s natural resources are only found in sedimentary rock
d) All of the above

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