Environmental Changes 8.11C MM Question Preview (ID: 41237)


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Hurricane Katrina caused a massive amount of flooding that affected many species of terrestrial life. How would a population of terrestrial animals survive this natural disaster?
a) The population cannot escape a sudden flood.
b) The population can adapt to become marine animals.
c) The population must flee to higher land or perish.
d) None of the above.

How are future populations affected by long-term environmental change?
a) Future populations inherit feeding patterns.
b) Future populations pass on fewer inherited traits.
c) Future populations inherit traits that allow for survival in the new environment.
d) Future populations with inherited traits suffer from disease and malnutrition.

A class of science students investigates and records short-term effets of a tornado that destroyed an area near the school. Which change was NOT caused by the tornado?
a) trees were knowcked down
b) species of squirrels became extinct
c) future populaitons with inherited traits suffer from disease and malnutrition
d) future populations inherit traits that allow for survival in the new environment

Why is a short-term environmental change more likely to negatively affect a population than a long-term change?
a) Animals do not have time to adapt.
b) Animals always die.
c) Animals always move away and leave the ecosystem with less biodiversity.
d) All of the above.

Which situation does Not require and organism to adapt due to an environmental change?
a) ice age
b) climate change
c) flooding
d) deforestation

An Arctic climate historically receives snowfall 10 months of the year. Some rabbits have white fur, while other rabbits have fur that changes color during the warm months. Over time, it snows only 6 1/2 month a year. Which trait is most favorable
a) White fur is more favorable because the rabbits spend a majority of the year in snow.
b) Brown fun is more favorable because the rabbits spend a majority of the year without snow.
c) Light tan fun is more favorable because the rabbits can blend into any environment.
d) White fur that changes to brown during the warm months is more favorable because the rabbits can be camouflaged all year long

A massive flood strikes a forest ecosystem without warning. What will happen to the organisms in the ecosystem?
a) Most organisms evacuate the flooded area.
b) Most organisms drown in the flood waters.
c) Most organisms adapt to the wet environment.
d) Some organisms evacuate, while others die in the flood waters.

Indicator species act as early warning systems for environments. All of the following are characteristics of indicator species EXCEPT...
a) resistant to environmental stressors
b) located withing the environment
c) sensitive to environmental stressors
d) accessible for frequent monitoring

A scientist wants to research the impact climate change has had on one species native to the area. What information would be most useful to measure?
a) The number of producers in the area
b) The types of species in the area
c) The population of the species in the area each year
d) The types of organisms in the area each year

Pollution can have an effect on organisms and the environment. What is an effective way to reduce the amount of pollution on Earth?
a) Burn trash and waste
b) Bury trash and waste
c) Recycle trash and waste
d) Sink trash and waste in the ocean

Why is history important in gauging the effects of an environmental change on organisms?
a) Scientists examine how generations of organisms change.
b) Scientists use data to disprove historical trends.
c) Scientists develop new theories without consulting previous research and data.
d) History cannot be used to determine changes in the environment because of data source reliability.

How would global climate for organisms be affected by a volcanic eruption?
a) Wildfires caused by the particulate matter would increase global temperatures.
b) Particulate matter in the atmosphere would trap solar radiation and decrease global temperatures.
c) Particulate matter in the atmosphere would reflect solar radiation and decrease global temperatures.
d) Increased precipitation caused by particulate matter would increase global temperatures.

Plate movement separated species of organisms. This isolation lead to...
a) species developing different traits to allow survival in different environments
b) species acquire learned behaviors due to the separation
c) species developing similar traits to allow survival in different environments
d) species inheriting different traits that caused extinction due to the separation

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