Unit 8 Review Question Preview (ID: 41205)

Solar System.[print questions]

The development of space exploration has happened in stages. Which of the following achievements are in the correct chronological order?
a) Animals in space, humans in space, satellite launched in orbit, ISS into orbit, humans walk on moon, spacecraft lands on Mars
b) ISS in orbit, animals in space, satellite in orbit, humans in space, humans walk on moon, spacecraft lands on Mars
c) Satellite in orbit, animals in space, humans in space, humans on the moon, ISS in orbit, spacecraft lands on Mars
d) Satellite in orbit, ISS in orbit, animals in space, humans in space, spacecraft lands on Mars, humans on the moon

A probe is a vehicle designed to carry instruments, but not crew. To which of the following places would we most likely send a probe?
a) The International Space Station
b) Inside the Sun
c) Mountain top
d) Saturn

Why does it take Neptune so long to revolve around the Sun?
a) The Sun is applying large amounts of gravity on the planet, slowing it down.
b) Neptune has a large diameter causing the planet to be less aerodynamic, slowing it down.
c) Neptune is such a long distance away that it has a large orbital path.
d) Neptune is rotating fast for its size, and the energy of its orbit is being transferred into rotational speed.

Which statement below accurately describes the movement of objects in our solar system?
a) The Sun revolves around the planets, and moons rotate around planets.
b) The planets revolve around the Sun, and moons revolve around the planets.
c) The planets rotate around the Sun, and moons revolve around the planets.
d) The moons rotate around planets, and planets revolve around the Sun.

Galileo Galilei made a discovery now known as the Galilean moons. Which planet was he observing?
a) Jupiter
b) Saturn
c) Uranus
d) Neptune

Which of the following best describes meteors?
a) Solids with irregular shapes, that mostly orbit the Sun between the orbits of Mars and Venus
b) Solids that range in size from dust to small rocks, that burn in Earth's atmosphere.
c) Solids made of rock and ice with very elliptical orbits that originate beyond the orbit of Neptune
d) Solids that orbit many planets in our solar system, many of which are asteroids or comets

Which of the following represents characteristics of the four planets closest to the Sun?
a) Larger planets
b) Gas giants
c) Rocky (terrestrial) planets
d) 4 or more moons

Which of the following statements describes a property of the Earth, but NOT a property of Mars?
a) An abundance of liquid water is located on the planet.
b) One or more moons orbit the planet.
c) The planet is constantly in motion.
d) The orbital path is predictable.

Which of the following accurately describes the orbital path of most planets in our solar system?
a) The orbital path is in a perfect circle.
b) The orbital path is in an ellipse, but looks almost circular.
c) The orbital path is in a large elliptical shape.
d) The orbital path varies greatly from planet to planet.

Which countries were the world leaders in space exploration throughout the 1960’s?
a) United States and Soviet Union
b) United States and China
c) Japan and Soviet Union
d) Germany and United States

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