Cellular Transport Review Question Preview (ID: 41185)


Review Forms Of Cell Transport.[print questions]

If there is a higher concentration of water outside of a cell than inside of a cell, water will move ______________ the cell and the cell will ________________.
a) into; swell
b) into; shrink
c) out of; swell
d) out of; shrink

Which of the following is NOT an example of passive transport
a) Diffusion
b) Facilitated Diffusion
c) Osmosis
d) Exocytosis

What type of solution causes a cell to shrink?
a) Hypotonic
b) Hypertonic
c) Isotonic
d)

What type of solution has an equal concentration of solution molecules on both sides of the membrane?
a) Hypotonic
b) Hypertonic
c) Isotonic
d)

What type of molecules easily diffuse directly across the phospholipid bilayer?
a) Small, non-polar molecules
b) Large, charged molecules and ions
c)
d)

What type of transport moves molecules against the concentration gradient from areas of low concentration to areas of high concentration?
a) Passive
b) Active
c)
d)

Why do the fatty acid tails of the phospholipids align in the center of the bilayer?
a) They are hydrophilic and want to contact water.
b) They are hydrophilic and want to avoid contact with water.
c) They are hydrophobic and want to contact water.
d) They are hydrophobic and want to avoid contact with water.

What do facilitated diffusion and ion pumps have in common?
a) They both require energy.
b) Neither require energy.
c) They both use transport proteins to move materials into and out of the cell.
d) They both move molecules directly across the phospholipid bilayer.

Which term refers to the process in which large particles are engulf and brought into the cell?
a) ion pump
b) endocytosis
c) exocytosis
d) osmosis

Which term refers to the water-loving region of a phospholipid?
a) Hydrophilic
b) Hydrophobic
c) Hypotonic
d) Hypertonic

What are the two main components of the cell membrane?
a) Phospholipids and Cholesterol
b) Phospholipids and Carbohydrates
c) Phospholipids and Proteins
d) Phospholipids and Fatty Acids

What type of transport requires NO energy (ATP) expenditure?
a) Passive
b) Active
c)
d)

Which term refers to the movement of water across the cell membrane?
a) diffusion
b) facilitated diffusion
c) osmosis
d) pinocytosis

What type of transport moves molecules down the concentration gradient from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration?
a) active
b) passive
c)
d)

Which term refers to a membrane allowing some materials to pass through it while blocking the passage of other materials?
a) Homeostatic
b) Impermeable
c) Semipermeable
d) Hypotonic

How do large and charged molecules move across the cell membrane?
a) through simple diffusion
b) through facilitated diffusion
c) through osmosis
d) through plasmolysis

Which type of transport requires the use of cellular energy (ATP)?
a) active
b) passive
c)
d)

What process allows vesicles to merge with the cell membrane and release their contents outside of the cell?
a) endocytosis
b) exocytosis
c) osmosis
d) diffusion

What term refers to the water-fearing region of a phospholipid?
a) Hydrophilic
b) Hydrophobic
c) Hypotonic
d) Hypertonic

The process of maintaining constant internal conditions despite environmental changes is referred to as which of the following?
a) Plasmolysis
b) Equilibrium
c) Homeostasis
d) Isotonic balance

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