Env. Bio Chapter 3- Ecology Vocab: Question Preview (ID: 4057)

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scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment
a) Ecology
b) consumer
c) Biology
d) trophic level

part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and air or atmosphere
a) Biosphere
b) biology
c) algal bloom
d) Geosphere

collection of all the organisms that live in a particular place, together with their nonliving environment
a) ecosystem
b) biosphere
c) biome
d) community

organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer
a) autotroph
b) none of the answers
c) decomposer
d) heterotroph

network of complex interactions formed by the feeding relationships among the various organisms in an ecosystem
a) food web
b) biomass
c) trophic level
d) food chain

loss of water from a plant through its leaves
a) transpiration
b) none of the answers
c) sublimation
d) condensation

rate at which organic matter is created by producers in an ecosystem
a) primary productivity
b) none of the answers
c) secondary productivy
d) trophic level

single nutrient that either is scarce or cycles very slowly, limiting the growth of organisms in an ecosystem
a) limiting nutrient
b) geocycle
c) autotroph
d) algal bloom

process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other forms of matter are passed from one organism to another and from one part of the biosphere to another
a) biogeochemical cycle
b) none of the answers
c) algal bloom
d) water cycle

group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant communities
a) biome
b) ecosystem
c) community
d) biosphere

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