Diversity Of Organisms Part 1 Question Preview (ID: 39672)

From Usatestprep 2017.

The Venn diagram from question 20 in your study guide represents two eukaryote kingdoms. Based on the characteristics shown, A represents __________ and B represents __________.
a) plants; fungi
b) fungi; animals
c) fungi; bacteria
d) plants; animals

How does the domain Eukarya differ from the other two domains?
a) All organisms in the domain are heterotrophic.
b) All organisms in the domain are multicellular.
c) All organisms in the domain have prokaryotic cells.
d) All organisms in the domain have eukaryotic cells.

The yapok is an obscure South American animal that: is covered in short fur, nurses young in a pouch, is aquatic, and is nocturnal. Which MOST SPECIFIC classification puts humans in the same category as it.
a) chordata
b) hominidae
c) mammalia
d) primates

Fungi are both beneficial and destructive. This fungus is living in and on the live tree. This is a ____________ relationship and could cause the tree to ______________.
a) helpful; grow
b) parasitic; die
c) helpful; make fruit
d) symbiotic; reproduce

________ are responsible for recycling matter back into the food web once an organism has died.
a) Carnivores
b) Decomposers
c) Omnivores
d) Producers

The single-celled paramecium goes through mitosis, an important characteristic of life. That is
a) evolution.
b) locomotion.
c) consuming food.
d) reproduction.

Using question 14 of your study guide, according to the dichotomous key, the organism pictured would be a member of the kingdom
a) Animalia
b) Fungi
c) Monera
d) Protista

Using question 15 in your study guide. According to the dichotomous key, the illustrated plant would be a member of the phylum
a) Bryophyta.
b) Coniferophyta.
c) Filicinophyta.
d) Ginkophyta.

In the new 6-kingdom system of classification, like the old 5-kingdom system, organisms are basically grouped by
a) cell structure.
b) location on Earth.
c) reproductive methods.
d) unicellular versus multicellular.

Scientists divided the kingdom Monera into two groups, the Archeabacteria and the Eubacteria. Compare and contrast the two prokaryotic kingdoms. What is one major difference that is apparent?
a) Archeabacteria are the only organisms on Earth that do not contain DNA.
b) Archeabacteria are much smaller than any known organisms on Earth or in the history of Earth.
c) The chemical composition of the cell walls of each in the two kingdoms varies.
d) Archeabacteria are capable of producing their own food without chloroplasts, using mitochondria instead.

Each autumn, the forest floor is covered by leaves that have fallen from trees. Which type of organism is MOST effective in decomposing the leaf tissue, allowing the nutrients and minerals to be recycled in the environment?
a) plants
b) omnivores
c) bacteria
d) animals

In comparing the five-kingdom system of classification with the six-kingdom system, all ___________ are grouped in one kingdom in the five-kingdom system, but are divided into two kingdoms in the six-kingdom version.
a) animals
b) bacteria
c) plants
d) protists

How many levels of biological classification are represented in the taxonomic biological name for an organism?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

Which two structures are found ONLY in plant cells?
a) vacuoles and ribosomes
b) chloroplasts and ribosomes
c) cell walls and chloroplasts
d) endoplasmic reticulum and cell walls

What classification level is missing: Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, ____________
a) Common Name
b) Eukaryote
c) Species
d) Specium

For the carbon cycle and the nitrogen cycle to function properly, which organisms must always be present?
a) decomposers
b) herbivores
c) parasites
d) predators

Which kingdom includes organisms that are unicellular, multicellular, aggregate and colonial in cellular arrangement?
a) Archeabacteria
b) Eubacteria
c) Plantae
d) Protista

All organisms in the kingdom _________ must be viewed using a microscope.
a) Archeabacteria
b) Fungi
c) Plantae
d) Protista

Which organelle is found in paramecia cells, but NOT plant cells?
a) contractile vacuole
b) mitochondrion
c) nucleolus
d) nucleus

Bacteria reproduce asexually by
a) mitosis
b) mieosis
c) conjugation
d) binary fission

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