The Enlightenment Question Preview (ID: 39100)


Enlightenment Quiz Review.[print questions]

a king or queen is the leader of the country, and has total power over all decisions and claims to rule by divine right
a) constitutional monarchy
b) oligarchy
c) government
d) absolutism

the leader comes to power and remains in power by using military force
a) oligarchy
b) dictatorship
c) constitutional monarchy
d) absolutism

the belief that God gave a person the authority to rule
a) divine right
b) oligarchy
c) democracy
d) absolutism

a king or queen is the leader of the country, but he or she is only responsible for some decisions. Other decisions are made by elected representatives.
a) absolutism
b) oligarchy
c) dictatorship
d) constitutional monarchy

A small group has all the power
a) democracy
b) oligarchy
c) divine right
d) absolutism

citizens help make decisions by voting, leader is elected
a) democracy
b) constitutional monarchy
c) oligarchy
d) dictatorship

Which philosopher believed in a separation of powers?
a) John Locke
b) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
c) Baron de Montesquieu
d) Voltaire

Which philosopher believed that the government must protect the rights of the people, and if it does not, the people have the right to rebel?
a) Which philosopher believed that the government must protect the rights of the people, and if it does not, the people have the
b) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
c) Baron de Montesquieu
d) Voltaire

Which philosopher believed that people should have the right to freedom of religion and freedom of speech?
a) John Locke
b) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
c) Baron de Montesquieu
d) Voltaire

Name 2 types of unlimited government.
a) Constitutional monarchy, dictatorship
b) Absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy
c) Absolute monarchy, dictatorship
d) Constitutional monarchy, democracy

Which philosopher believed that the ruler must make decisions based on what is best for the majority of citizens?
a) John Locke
b) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
c) Baron de Montesquieu
d) Voltaire

How did the Glorious Revolution change the government in England?
a) Changed England from a constitutional monarchy to an absolute monarchy
b) Changed England from a limited government to an unlimited government
c) Changed England from a democracy to a dictatorship
d) Changed England from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy

No limit to the power of the government
a) limited government
b) unlimited government
c)
d)

No individual rights or freedoms
a) limited government
b) unlimited government
c)
d)

one person has total control
a) limited government
b) unlimited government
c)
d)

Restraints are placed upon the power of the government
a) limited government
b) unlimited government
c)
d)

citizens can vote
a) limited government
b) unlimited government
c)
d)

Citizens can participate in government decisions
a) limited government
b) unlimited government
c)
d)

the system of laws and the way decisions are made
a) constitutional monarchy
b) absolutism
c) government
d) divine right

Name 2 types of limited government
a) Constitutional monarchy, dictatorship
b) Absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy
c) Absolute monarchy, dictatorship
d) Constitutional monarchy, democracy

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