Universe/Solar System/Gravity Question Preview (ID: 39031)


Review Questions About The Universe/Solar System/Gravity Based On The NGSS.[print questions]

Which of the following correctly orders the objects from closest to Earth to farthest from Earth?
a) Neptune, Sun, Moon, center of Milky Way, edge of Universe
b) Sun, Moon, Neptune, Center of Milky Way, edge of Universe
c) Moon, Neptune, Sun, Edge of Universe, Center of Milky Way
d) Moon, Sun, Neptune, Center of Milky Way, edge of Universe

Comets probably originated in the ______.
a) asteroid belt
b) Oort cloud
c) Haley’s alley
d) another solar system

Of the listed planets, which one orbits the sun the fastest and why?
a) Mars, because it is closest to the sun
b) Uranus, because gas planets are lighter and move faster
c) Venus, because it is closer to the sun
d) Saturn, because its rings increase its speed

Our universe will likely _______ in the future according to most astronomers.
a) disappear into a black hole
b) turn into a nebula
c) continue to expand
d) none of the choices

______ are pieces of space rock that strike the surface of a moon or planet.
a) meteorites
b) meteors
c) comets
d) meteoroids

As a comet vaporizes and breaks up, small rock particles that are smaller than asteroids drift off and are called ____.
a) snowballs
b) meteoroids
c) meteors
d) meteorites

Small pieces of space rock that enter Earth’s atmosphere at speeds of 15-70 km/s and burn up are called __________. They are often from comets that have broken up.
a) asteroids
b) meteoroids
c) meteors
d) meterorites

What would make you weigh half as much as you do right now on Earth?
a) remove half of Earth’s atmosphere
b) double Earth’s distance from the sun
c) remove half of Earth’s mass
d) increase Earth’s rotation

What characteristics do the four outer planets have in common?
a) They are much larger than Earth and are made mainly of gases.
b) They are about the same size as Earth and are made mainly of gases.
c) They are much larger than Earth and are solid.
d) They are about the same size as Earth and are solid.

The dwarf planet Pluto takes much longer to revolve around the Sun than the planets do. This is because Pluto is ____.
a) farther from the sun
b) smaller than the other planets
c) slowed down by it moons
d) made of ice

If you travel from the Sun towards Pluto, what will you go past?
a) planets, moons and multiple stars
b) moons and planets
c) multiple stars and moons
d) planets only

Betelgeuse is a red supergiant star, its temperature is probably _____.
a) dim
b) bright
c) hot
d) cool

Mercury is an inner planet. All inner planets can be described as:
a) missing a moon
b) cold
c) large
d) rocky

The coolest stars in the sky are ____ in color.
a) Blue
b) White
c) Black
d) Red

Of the 4 known galaxy shapes, the Milky Way is a ____________ shaped galaxy.
a) elliptical
b) spiral
c) barred
d) irregular

________ was the first to redesign the Solar System model in the 1500’s to have the sun in the center, instead of the Earth
a) The Pope
b) Copernicus
c) Galileo
d) Einstein

The asteroid belt is located ___________________, dividing inner and outer planets
a) between Earth and Mars.
b) between Mars and Jupiter.
c) between Jupiter and Saturn.
d) between Saturn and Uranus

The Big Bang Theory best describes how the _________________ 13 to 15 billion years ago.
a) stars formed
b) solar systems formed
c) universe formed
d) northern lights appeared

Comparing the inner and outer planets of our solar system, what is the major difference between them?
a) inner planets are large and made of gas
b) outer planets are large and rocky.
c) inner planets are small and rocky while outer planets are large and made of gas
d) inner planets are small and rocky and have more moons than the outer planets

How would you classify an object made of dust particles, rocks, frozen water, methane, and ammonia that orbits the sun.
a) comet
b) meteor
c) meteroid
d) asteroid

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