The Cell: Question Preview (ID: 3602)

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In many cells, the structure that controls the cell's activities is the
a) cell membrane
b) organelle
c) nucleolus
d) nucleus

Despite difference in size and shape, all cells have cytoplasm and a
a) cell wall
b) cell membrane
c) mitochondria
d) nucleus

If a cell of an organism contains a nucleus, the organism is a
a) plant
b) eukaryote
c) animal
d) prokaryote

What is the function of the Golgi apparatus?
a) synthesizes proteins on the RER
b) detoxification in kidney and liver
c) captures light for photosynthesis
d) packages, modifies and transports proteins

Distinct threadlike structures containing genetic information are called
a) chromosomes
b) nuclei
c) mitochondria
d) ribosomes

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells contain genetic material in a nucleus.
a) True
b) False

Which organelle converts the chemical energy in food into a form that cells can use?
a) nucleolus
b) chromosome
c) mitochondria
d) chloroplast

This organelle is considered the powerhouse of the cell.
a) mitochondria
b) chloroplast
c) ATP

This scientist improved upon the microscope and was the first to observe live microorganisms.
a) Robert Hooke
b) Matthias Schleiden
c) Louis Pasteur
d) Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Prokaryotic cells do not house their own genetic material (DNA).
a) True
b) False

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