Development 2 APHUG Question Preview (ID: 35671)


Development 2.

Development refers to
a) improvement in material conditions.
b) value of the output of goods and services.
c) value of a product compared to the needed labor.
d) division of jobs into different sectors

Which of the following is NOT a reason that gender inequality is a challenge to development?
a) it severely limits the economic and social mobility of women.
b) it excludes women from the formal economy, wasting a major economic asset.
c) it leads to smaller family sizes
d) it is associated with lower literacy rates and higher infant mortality rates.

The difference in per capita GDP between the more developed and less developed regions is
a) constant
b) zero
c) decreasing
d) increading

An example of a primary sector activity is
a) education
b) manufacturing
c) banking
d) mining

All but which of the following statements are correct?
a) The primary sector accounts for a larger share of GDP for LDCs than MDCs.
b) The HDI is a function of economics, social, and demographic indicators
c) Lack of infrastructure is one factor that limits development in LDCs
d) The higher the GDP of a country, the more equal its income distribution.

People are more productive in more developed countries because they
a) work harder.
b) have access to more technology.
c) are better educated.
d) have a higher value added per person

All of the following are considered more developed regions except
a) Oceania
b) North America
c) Southwest Asia North Africa.
d) Europe

Japan's principal asset for promoting development was
a) a favorable ratio of population to resources.
b) an abundant supply of labor.
c) high physiological density.
d) extensive supplies of critical raw materials.

Southwest Asia North Africa shows promise of becoming more developed primarily because of what characteristic?
a) abundant petroleum reserves
b) desert climate.
c) Islamic religious principles
d) democratic reforms

Development prospects are limited in Sub-Saharan Africa because of all but which of the following?
a) colonial legacy
b) poor leadership
c) monsoon rains
d) overworked agricultural land and declining output

According to Rostow's development model, the process of development begins when
a) a high percentage of national wealth is allocated to non-productive activities.
b) an elite group initiates innovative activities.
c) workers become more skilled and specialized.
d) banking institutions are sufficiently mature.

According to the international trade approach to development, a country should identify all but which of its following assets?
a) abundant agricultural products
b) international consumer preferences
c) abundant mineral resources
d) imports to be limited

The biggest problem faced by less developed countries in financing development is
a) confrontation with more developed countries.
b) inability to repay loans.
c) promoting self-sufficiency.
d) currency inflation.

The biggest problem in promoting development through the international trade alternative is
a) increased demand for many goods.
b) unequal distribution of resources.
c) regional cooperation.
d) increased price of petroleum.

Most of the developed nations in the world:
a) are in Africa
b) Are in the Americas
c) are ruled by monarchs
d) are above the Equator

The principal benefit of the self-sufficiency approach is to promote
a) The principal benefit of the self-sufficiency approach is to promote
b) The principal benefit of the self-sufficiency approach is to promote
c) the maintenance of a large bureaucracy.
d) unequal distribution of resources.

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