Astronomy Benchmark Review Question Preview (ID: 34927)

This Test Is A Brief Review Of Our Astronomy Unit.

How does the Sun cause wind?
a) By heating some parts of the Earth more than others
b) By making water change from a liquid to a gas
c) By adding oxygen to Earth’s air
d) By pulling on Earth’s air

Which of the following describes the Sun?
a) An object that is close to Earth
b) An object that reflects Sun light
c) The body that orbits Earth
d) The start at the center of our solar system

Which is the best tool for observing objects such as planets?
a) Eyeglasses
b) Hand lens
c) Microscope
d) Telescope

About how long does it take for the moon to go from one new moon to the next new moon?
a) 15 days
b) 29 ½ days
c) 45 days
d) 60 ½ days

Why do the locations of high tides change throughout the day?
a) Because the moon revolves around Earth
b) Because Earth revolves around the Sun
c) Because Earth rotates on its axis
d) Because the Sun moves across the sky

What forms of energy does Earth get from the Sun?
a) Light and sound
b) Heat and electricity
c) Electricity and sound
d) Heat and light

Which of the following lists the correct order of the four outer planets from the Sun, closest to furthest?
a) Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
b) Saturn, Uranus, Jupiter, Neptune
c) Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
d) Neptune, Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus

At 7:00 p.m., you are facing the sunset. Which of the following describes your shadow?
a) Long and in front of you
b) Long and behind you
c) Short and behind you
d) Short and in front of you

Which planet has a gaseous surface?
a) Earth
b) Mars
c) Venus
d) Saturn

Which planet is closer to the sun that the Earth?
a) Venus
b) Mars
c) Neptune
d) Jupiter

What do Earth and Saturn have in common?
a) They are the same size
b) They both give off their own light
c) They both move around the Sun
d) They are both mostly made of gas

Which sentence best describes the moon?
a) It has more plants than Earth
b) It has more oxygen in its atmosphere than Earth
c) Its surface is drier than Earth
d) It is closer to the Sun than to Earth

Earth rotates on its:
a) Poles
b) Axis
c) Equator
d) Orbit

How long does it take Earth to spin once on its axis?
a) 12 hours
b) 20 hours
c) 24 hours
d) 36 hours

What season does the Northern Hemisphere have when it tilts toward the Sun?
a) Fall
b) Spring
c) Winter
d) Summer

In winter, the Northern Hemisphere gets
a) Direct sun light at noon
b) Less direct light than in the summer
c) More direct light than in the summer
d) No light

During which phase does the moon appear to be a bright, round circle in the sky?
a) First quarter
b) New moon
c) Last quarter
d) Full moon

What do we call a group of visible stars that form a pattern in the night sky?
a) Asteroids
b) Moons
c) Constellations
d) Supernovas

Why are constellations only visible during certain times of the year?
a) Earth's Rotation
b) Earth's Tilt
c) Earth's Tilt on its axis and orbit around the Sun
d) The Moon's Orbit

True or False: The stars we see in each constellation are very far away from us. They appear to be close to each other in shape, but may be great distances apart in space.
a) True
b) False

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