Westward Expansion Unit 1 Part 1 Question Preview (ID: 34845)

U.S. History EOC.

When building the Transcontinental Railroad, what major ethnicity took up 67% of the workforce?
a) Irish Immigrants
b) African Americans
c) Norwegian Immigrants
d) Chinese immigrants

What is Manifest Destiny?
a) The belief that America should expand across the continent
b) The belief that England would one day regain control of North America
c) The belief that America should police the western hemisphere
d) The belief that the rich were destined to get richer

Most American farmers int he late 1800s protested
a) Free silver
b) Gold Standard
c) The Interstate Commerce Act
d) Farmers' Alliances

In their platform, the Populists Party included provisions for
a) Free silver, a progressive income tax, and a 8 hr work day
b) Changing to the gold standard and ending any government regulation of business
c) Private ownership of communication and transportation systems
d) Excluding African Americans from the Populist Party membership

In families on the homestead, what did women do?
a) Cooked, cleaned, and made and wash clothes
b) raised and schooled the childern
c) raised food crops
d) All the above

Farm mechanization resulted in
a) An increase in farm production
b) A decline in the number of eastern farms
c) The end of bonanza farms
d) Stable crop prices

One way the government sought to change Native Americans was by
a) Teaching them to hunt buffalo
b) Requiring them to farm on individual plots of land
c) Finding them jobs on the railroads
d) Requiring them to move to growing cities

The Homestead Act, the mass killing of buffalo, and the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad are most closely associated with the?
a) Rise of organized labor
b) Decline of the Plain Indians
c) Building of the Erie Canal
d) Northern migration of African Americans

Most African Americans Exodusters migrated west to
a) Work as sharecroppers on bonanza farms
b) Escape racial violence in the South
c) find relatives who had fled during the Civil War
d) Prospect for gold and silver

Which of the following marked the collapse of the Populism/Populist Party
a) Panic of 1893
b) founding of the Grange
c) The Cross of Gold Speech
d) the election of President William McKinley 1896

Which one of the following did the Populists support?
a) The Turner thesis
b) A progressive income tax
c) the Gold Standard
d) Private ownership of communications and transportation systems

The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo give the United States what two states?
a) Oregon and California
b) New York and Maine
c) New Mexico and California
d) Texas and New Mexico

Western farmers wanted free silver because they felt it woul
a) Stabilize interest rates
b) Increase crop prices
c) Decrease crop prices
d) Increase the amount of money in circulation

Which one of the following was a major complaint of farmers in the late 1800s?
a) Activities of the Grange
b) Runaways inflation
c) Rising crop prices
d) High tariffs on manufactured goods

In the West, the combination of big business and new agricultural techniques resulted in
a) Placer Mines
b) The long dirve
c) Bonanza farms
d) Reservations

What happened at the Sand Creek Massacre?
a) American soldiers killed more than 200 unarmed Native Americans
b) General Custer's cavalry was completely wiped out
c) The Nez Perce fought for possession of their homeland
d) The last buffalo of the Great Plains were killed

Many agreements between Native Americans and the federal government fell apart because?
a) Native Americans and settlers had differing concepts of land ownership
b) Native Americans wanted to work as tenant farmers or sharecroppers
c) Many settlers objected to the reservation system
d) Most of the treaties were never signed

Which statement best describes the lifestyle of homesteaders?
a) Homesteaders lived in isolation and avoided social contact
b) Most women worked outside their homestead
c) Homesteaders lived a simple and secure lives
d) Homesteaders often had to struggle even for the necessities

What did the Morrill Act and the Homestead Act have in common
a) They provided ways for settlers to acquire western lands
b) They forced Native Americans onto reservations
c) They discriminated against African Americans families
d) They enabled railroad companies to develop the land near their tracks

What was the one key requirement tat applicants had to meet to receive land under the Homestead Act?
a) They had to live on the land all year long
b) They had to farm the land for 5 years
c) They had to file a claim with a bank
d) They had to wheel portable cabins from plot to plot

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