Organelles And Their Functions: Question Preview (ID: 3473)

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How are eukaryotic cells different from prokaryotic cells?
a) Prokaryotic cells have a nucleus.
b) Eukaryotic cells have DNA in their cytoplasm.
c) Prokaryotic cells have central vacuoles.
d) Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus.

Where does most of the work within a cell take place?
a) Nucleus
b) Mitochondria
c) Cytoplasm
d) Chloroplasts

What is the role of a ribosome?
a) It makes proteins.
b) It carries materials from the ER to the Golgi apparatus.
c) It makes energy for the cell.
d) It captures energy from sunlight.

Which cell part serves as the transportation system of the cell and is responsible for making parts of the cell membrane?
a) Golgi apparatus
b) Endoplasmic reticulum
c) Nucleus
d) Central vacuole

Lysosomes are a special type of vesicle that does what?
a) Stores food and water
b) Breaks down materials like waste products and old cell parts
c) Transports proteins from the ER to the central vacuole
d) Makes part of the cell membrane

Which cell part serves a purpose that is similar to a solar panel?
a) Mitochondria
b) Nucleus
c) Chloroplast
d) Ribosome

Plant cells contain some organelles that animal cells do not. Which of the following is found in a plant cell, but not an animal cell?
a) Cell membrane
b) Central vacuole
c) Vesicles
d) Lysosome

What is the job of a cell wall?
a) Control what enters and leaves the cell
b) Provide support and protect the cell, as well as give it shape
c) Store instructions the cell needs to function
d) Store water and food

Plants, animals, and fungi are all examples of:
a) Eukaryotes
b) Prokaryotes
c) Unicellular organisms
d) Nonliving objects

Which of the following is a cell part that can be seen using a light microscope?
a) Chloroplast
b) Nucleus
c) Cell membrane
d) All of these cell parts can be seen with a light microscope.

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