BIOL G220 Exam 2 Review B: Question Preview (ID: 32814)

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Bones of the cranium are defined by being in contact with
a) the brain
b) each other
c) cartilage
d) their innermost selves

as you age, microfracture repair leads to the accumulation of
a) Osteons
b) Osteocytes
c) Canneliculi
d) Haversian Canals

cartilage is replaced by bone in a 5 step process, starting with resting and then, in order
a) proliferating, hypertrophy. calcification, ossification
b) hypertrophy, proliferation, ossification, calcification
c) proliferation, retraction, extension, ossification
d) hypotrophy, consolidation, calcification, ossification

The pelvic girdle consists of the
a) Os Coxae, Sacrum, and Coccyx
b) Axis, Atlas, Hercules
c) Scapulae, Clavicle, and Ribs
d) Cranium, facial bones, and mandible

raising the shoulders is
a) Elevation
b) Protraction
c) Shrugging
d) Elevation

Yellow Marrow mostly stores
a) lipids
b) protein
c) carbohydrates
d) minerals

a joint, such as the proximal radioulnar, that allows only rotation would be a
a) pivot joint
b) saddle joint
c) condyloid joint
d) hinge joint

the joint between the maxilla or mandible and the teeth, known as a ___ is an example of a
a) gomphosis, fibrous joint
b) synapsis, synovial joint
c) gumpus, currious joint
d) symphyses, cartilaginous

Moving part of the body away from the midline is
a) abduction
b) adduction
c) pronation
d) eversion

The elbow is an example of a _____ joint
a) hinge
b) pivot
c) gliding
d) saddle

Intervertebral discs are made of mostly
a) Fibrocartilage
b) Hyaline Cartilage
c) Elastic Cartilage
d) Reticular Cartilage

Synovial Joints are distinguished by having
a) All of the Rest are True
b) A cavity filled with synovial fluid
c) Articular cartilage
d) Ligaments

articular cartilage tends to be ______, which is _______
a) Hyaline, smooth and glassy
b) Fibrocartilage, tough and resists compression
c) Elastic cartilage, useful for adding flexibility
d) Easily damaged, silly and or annoying depending on your experience

Most of the joints in your body are structurally classified as
a) synovial joints
b) articular joints
c) fibrous joints
d) cartilagenous joints

Aging processes can lead to an imbalance in bone formation and breakdown, resulting in
a) osteoporesis
b) osteoneogeneisis
c) osteoplasty
d) osteotrophy

growth of cartilage via the action of cells called ____ on the surface, which increases thickness, is called
a) Chondroblasts, Appositional Growth
b) Chondrocytes, Interstitital Growth
c) Chontroclasts, Lacunal Growth
d) Progenitor Cells, Appositional Growth

Growth of cartilage via the division of INTERNAL cells, which leads to increase in ____ is called _____
a) Length, Interstitial growth
b) Length, appositional growth
c) Width, transchondral growth
d) Width, interchondral growth

Newly formed or remodeled bone is not yet lamellar, but is
a) Woven
b) Knitted
c) Intermembranous
d) Exochondral

Cells called ____ break down bone
a) Osteoblasts
b) Osteoclasts
c) Osteorectifiers
d) Billy Bob or possibly Steve

moving a part so it follows a circular path is
a) Circumduction
b) Subduction
c) Lateral Flexion
d) Rotation

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