Sedimentary Rocks: Question Preview (ID: 32354)

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What type of sedimentary rock is formed from fossils?
a) Organic Sedimentary rock
b) Chemical Sedimentary rock
c) Clastic Sedimentary rock
d) Igneous Sedimentary rock

Type of sedimentary rock which can be cemented/ glued together by calcite or quartz
a) Clastic Sedimentary Rock
b) Organic Sedimentary rock
c) Chemical Sedimentary rock
d) Igneous Sedimentary rock

The process in which sediment is dropped and comes to rest is called
a) Deposition
b) Erosion
c) Weathering
d) Compaction

The process by which rock sediments are moved/transported away by water, wind, or ice.
a) Erosion
b) Weathering
c) Cementation
d) Deposition

What are the layers in sedimentary rocks called?
a) Strata
b) Stratification
c) Weathering
d) Erosion

The process of reducing pore space by depositing younger sediments on top of older material is referred to as
a) Compaction
b) Cementation
c) Weathering
d) Erosion

In general the greater the distance sediment is transported the more ______ _________ and _________ sediment becomes.
a) well sorted, rounded
b) well sorted, jaggered
c) unsorted, rounded
d) unsorted , jaggered

Where do sediments come from?
a) rock weathering produces sediment
b) sediment is transported and deposited all over the Earth
c) sediments accumulated as dust fell to Earth from outer space
d) there have always been sediments on Earth

Sedimentary rocks provide clues about:
a) Earth surface conditions at the time the sediment was depsoited
b) temperate climates
c) temperate climates
d) polar climates

Where do sedimentary rocks usually form?
a) Most sedimentary rocks form in bodies of water
b) Most sedimentary rocks form in the earth
c) Most sedimentary rocks form in outerspace
d) Most sedimentary rocks form in volcanoes

Conglomerate, an Sandstone are examples of what type of sedimentary rocks?
a) Clastic rocks
b) Chemical
c) Organic
d) Igneous

Rocks that contains fossils are
a) Sedimentary
b) Igneous
c) Metamorphic
d) Extrusive

What weathering products are most easily transported by water? (Think Lab)
a) Dissolved ions (salt)
b) Clays in suspension.
c) Pebbles.
d) Sand grains

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