5th Grade, Chapter 3- Adaptations: Question Preview (ID: 32217)

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What are adaptations?
a) sperm and egg cells uniting to form a fertilized egg
b) inherited traits that help organisms survive in their environment
c) behaviors that are not instinctive
d) two genes working together to determine a trait

Which of these is a basic need of an animal
a) food
b) water
c) oxygen
d) all of the above

A bee dancing is an example of
a) behavioral adaptation
b) structural adaptation
c) learned response
d) defense against enemies

Which animal uses its gills to strain food particles out of the water?
a) a barracuda
b) a sea slug
c) a clam
d) a cormorant

What is the benefit t the octopus of shooting water out in a fast jet?
a) It helps to get food for the octopus
b) It allows the octopus to get oxygen
c) it helps the octopus move away quickly
d) it helps the octopus to eliminate waste

What is the main function performed by the skin of a deer?
a) it prevents the deer from drying out
b) it helps the deer maintain its shape
c) it helps the deer move
d) the supports the deer's weight

A small tail and ears, hairy paws, and a fat layer help a polar bear to
a) drink less
b) stay warm
c) eat less
d) find a mate

Some desert plants, like the barrel cactus, obtain water
a) only at night
b) through shallow roots that quickly absorb whatever rain falls
c) by speeding up photosynthesis
d) by producing more chlorophyll

How does the ermines heavy white fur help it in the winter?
a) keeps the ermine warm
b) hides the ermine from predators
c) allows the ermine to hunt prey undetected
d) all of the above

New variations in a species are due to
a) mutations
b) dominant genes
c) recessive genes
d) selective breeding

In the late 1800s, most peppered moths living in parts of England with serious air pollution had
a) solid white wings
b) wings speckled with black
c) dark wings
d) colorful wings

Why might woolly mammoths have become extinct?
a) they did not become adapted to the warmer climate
b) They could no longer attract mates
c) they could no longer care for their young
d) all of the above

what need is common to plants and animals?
a) protection from the environment
b) caring for their young
c) attracting a mate
d) all of the above

Which organism does not use gills or gill-like organs to get oxygen from the water?
a) a barracuda
b) a sea otter
c) a clam
d) a sea slug

What function is performed by the hard shell of the eggs of an owl?
a) they prevent the developing owl from drying out
b) they prevent the developing owl from becomming injured
c) they prevent the developing from being crushed
d) all of the above

What adaptations help the polar bear stay warm?
a) thick, waterproof fur
b) a small tail and small ears
c) a layer of fat
d) all of the above

A male peacock uses a colorful set of feathers to attract a mate
a) true
b) false

A male peacocks feathers are a behavioral adaptations
a) true
b) false

organisms usually die and decay without leaving a trace
a) true
b) false

this type of bird uses its sharp sturdy beak to peck holes in the bark of trees. It then uses a long sticky tongue to get insects from the holes
a) robin
b) blue jay
c) woodpecker
d) hawk

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