Crises And Achievements (1900–1945): Question Preview (ID: 31843)

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World War II is often considered to be a turning point in history because
a) the League of Nations demonstrated that an international organization could maintain world peace.
b) the war brought an end to dictatorships as a form of government.
c) European domination of the world began to decrease as nationalism in colonies increased.
d) religious and ethnic differences were no longer a source of conflict between nations.

The harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles after World War I helped lay the foundation for the
a) rise of fascism in Germany.
b) uprisings during the French Revolution.
c) division of Korea along the 38th parallel.
d) Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.

Under Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Union emphasized centralized economic planning and five-year plans primarily to
a) produce more consumer goods.
b) expand exports.
c) create an increased demand for high-quality imports.
d) develop heavy industry.

A major cause of World War I was
a) a decline in the policy of imperialism.
b) the existence of opposing alliances.
c) an increase in the acts of aggression by England.
d) the spread of communism throughout Europe.

One similarity between Russia under the czars and the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin is that in both types of government, these leaders
a) tried to reduce their nation's influence in world affairs.
b) developed policies to limit industrial growth.
c) supported the creation of a national church.
d) established an authoritarian form of government.

Which statement best describes the political situation that existed in the Soviet Union immediately after the death of Lenin in 1924?
a) The nation adopted a constitutional monarchy.
b) Trotsky and his followers assumed full control of the Communist Party.
c) Popular elections were held to choose a new general assembly.
d) A power struggle developed among Communist Party leaders.

Which policy best demonstrates appeasement?
a) British policy toward Germany during the 1930s
b) Japanese policy toward China in the 1930s
c) Spanish policy toward Native Americans during the 1500s
d) German policy toward the French during World War I

In the Middle East, an immediate effect of World War I was the
a) unification of Arab countries against the League of Nations.
b) division of large sections of the area among the Allies.
c) revival of Islamic fundamentalism in Arab nations.
d) creation of the state of Israel.

The treatment of Jews in Europe during World War II and of the Armenians in the Ottoman empire are examples of
a) cultural diffusion.
b) fundamentalism.
c) modernism.
d) genocide.

The imperialist policies followed by Japan after World War I were based on a desire to
a) convert people to Shinto.
b) acquire markets for its oil industry.
c) compete with Chinese trade policies.
d) obtain natural resources for manufacturing.

Which series of events is arranged in chronological order?
a) The Treaty of Versailles is signed. Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany. German troops invade Poland
b) German troops invade Poland. The Treaty of Versailles is signed. Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany.
c) Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany. The Treaty of Versailles is signed. German troops invade Poland.
d) The Treaty of Versailles is signed. German troops invade Poland. Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany.

Which statement best describes the relationship between World War I and the Russian Revolution?
a) World War I created conditions within Russia that helped trigger a revolution.
b) World War I postponed the Russian Revolution by restoring confidence in the Czar.
c) The Russian Revolution inspired the Russian people to win World War I.
d) World War I gave the Czar's army the needed experience to suppress the Russian Revolution.

Why was the Balkan region referred to as the Powder Keg of Europe prior to World War I?
a) The aggression of the Ottoman empire was disrupting the balance of power.
b) Yugoslavia was invading its neighboring countries.
c) Nationalistic and imperialistic rivalries were increasing
d) The area was the leading supplier of military equipment to the rest of the world.

Mohandas Gandhi is best known for his
a) use of passive resistance to achieve Indian independence.
b) desire to establish an Islamic nation.
c) opposition to Hindus holding public office.
d) encouragement of violence to end British rule.

Which was a major result of the Nuremburg trials?
a) National leaders were held personally accountable for war crimes against humanity.
b) The State of Israel was created as a home for victims of the war.
c) Soldiers were required to pay for the property damages they caused during the war.
d) Prisoners from all countries were immediately released from captivity.

In Eastern Europe after World War I, the greatest obstacle to national unity in many nation-states was the
a) great ethnic diversity found in the region.
b) economic dependence of Eastern Europe on Japan.
c) acceptance of democratic traditions by most Eastern Europeans.
d) expansion of United States influence in the region.

A significant effect of Joseph Stalin's policy of collectivization on Soviet agriculture was
a) a widespread food shortage.
b) an increase in the export of food products.
c) a surplus of agricultural products.
d) the immediate creation of many small private farms.

Which situation contributed to Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany after World War I?
a) support of Hitler's radical policies by the Social Democrats in the Reichstag
b) strong feelings of resentment and nationalism built up by economic and political crises
c) refusal by the League of Nations to admit Germany as a member
d) violence and terror promoted by Germany's former enemies

The main purpose of the many purges and public trials that took place in the Soviet Union in the 1930s was to
a) force the Jewish people to leave the Soviet Union.
b) eliminate opposition to Joseph Stalin and his government.
c) establish a free and independent court system in the Soviet Union.
d) reform the outdated and inadequate agricultural system.

The Russian peasants supported the Bolsheviks in the 1917 revolutions mainly because the Bolsheviks promised to
a) establish collective farms.
b) maintain the agricultural price-support program.
c) bring modern technology to Russian farms.
d) redistribute land owned by the nobility. Score My Test

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