The First Global Age (1450–1770): Question Preview (ID: 31838)

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One major effect of the European slave trade on Africa was that the slave trade
a) strengthened the traditional African economic systems.
b) led to rapid decrease in tribal warfare.
c) hastened the decline of African societies.
d) increased the number of trade routes across the Sahara.

One way in which the civilizations of the Sumerians, the Phoenicians, and the Mayas were similar is that all
a) developed extensive writing systems.
b) emphasized quality in education.
c) established monotheistic religions.
d) encouraged democratic participation in government.

Which statement about the Aztec and Incan civilizations is a fact rather than an opinion?
a) The Incas had a culture that was superior to the Aztec culture.
b) Incan temples and Aztec calendars are the best examples of advanced science and technology.
c) eligion, art, and science were better in Aztec and Incan cities than they were in European cities.
d) Both the Incas and the Aztecs had large urban areas with governmental and religious buildings.

One way in which the Mayan, Gupta, and Songhai cultures were similar is that they
a) were destroyed by military forces of European nations.
b) developed great civilizations without major influence from Western Europe.
c) depended on trade with European nations to remain economically powerful.
d) emerged from nationalist movements of the twentieth century.

The Incas, the Romans, and the Mongols were similar in that all
a) developed systems of writing.
b) extended control over neighboring peoples.
c) established industrial economies.
d) adopted democratic political systems.

Both the encomienda system of agriculture in Latin America and the plantation system in Southeast Asia
a) redistributed the land to the peasants.
b) depended upon forced labor.
c) diminished the power of the military.
d) produced multicrop economies.

A major result of the European Age of Exploration was
a) a long period of peace and prosperity for the nations of Western Europe.
b) extensive migration of people from the Western Hemisphere to Africa.
c) the fall of European national monarchies and the end of the power of the Roman Catholic Church.
d) the end of regional isolationism and the beginning of a period of European global domination.

An observation that could be made about the Ottoman empire in the 1400s and 1500s is that the empire
a) originated in Hungary.
b) had a strategic location between Europe and Asia.
c) was totally landlocked.
d) had control over most of Western Europe.

An advocate of mercantilism would most likely have agreed with the idea that government should
a) abandon the policy of colonial expansion.
b) raise tariffs on imported goods
c) impose export duties on manufactured goods.
d) encourage manufacturing in its colonies.

According to the theory of mercantilism, colonies should be
a) acquired as markets and sources of raw materials.
b) considered an economic burden to the colonial power.
c) granted independence as soon as possible
d) encouraged to develop their own industries.

In Latin America during the early period of Spanish colonialism, the deaths of large numbers of native people led to
a) a decline in Spanish immigration to the Americas.
b) the removal of most Spanish troops from the Americas.
c) the importation of slaves from Africa.
d) improved health care in the colonies.

In English history, the Magna Carta (1215) and the Bill of Rights (1689) both reinforced the concept of
a) a limited monarchy.
b) religious toleration.
c) a laissez-faire economy.
d) universal suffrage.

One similarity between the European concept of divine right and the Chinese concept of Mandate of Heaven is the idea that a leader's power
a) can be challenged by his subjects.
b) comes from a higher power than the ruler himself.
c) is an inherited right that cannot be taken away.
d) should be limted.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the theory of divine right was most often used to justify the
a) involvement of the peasants in making political decisions.
b) introduction of free trade policies.
c) supreme power of the Catholic Church.
d) establishment of an absolute monarchy.

During the Age of Absolutism (1600s and 1700s), European monarchies sought to
a) increase human rights for their citizens.
b) centralize political power in their nations.
c) develop better relations with Muslim rulers.
d) encourage the growth of corporate farmers.

One reason the Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca empires rapidly is that
a) these empires had no standing armies.
b) the Spanish had better weapons than the Aztecs and Incas did.
c) the Spanish greatly outnumbered the Aztecs and Incas.
d) the Aztecs and Incas joined together to fight the Spanish.

Westernization of Russia came about largely through the
a) efforts of Peter the Great and his successors.
b) invasion of Russia by Sweden.
c) desire of the United States to seek new markets.
d) acceptance of the policies of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Which outcome was a direct result of the social structure established during European colonization of Latin America?
a) inequalities of income and power
b) communist governments were formed in most countries
c) a small but powerful middle class that owned the land and businesses
d) family structure of native peoples was destroyed

A lasting impact of pre-Columbian civilizations of Latin America was that these cultures
a) influenced art and architecture of later societies.
b) encouraged social mobility.
c) developed a complex system of trade with Europe.
d) developed the first representative democracies in Latin America.

From the 1500s through the 1700s, Western European imperialism in Africa and Asia resulted mainly in the
a) establishment of colonies in the interior.
b) cooperation of European, African and Asian governments.
c) increase in trade between Asia and the Americas.
d) establishment of European trading sea ports from Africa to Asia.

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