U.S. Constitution Review I: Question Preview (ID: 31819)

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Which major issue was debated at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and contributed directly to the start of the Civil War?
a) regulation of interstate commerce
b) setting of qualifications for federal office holders
c) length of presidential term of office
d) balance of power between the states and the national government

At the Constitutional Convention (1787), which issue was resolved by the Great Compromise?
a) method of electing the president
b) power of Congress to tax exports
c) regulation of interstate commerce
d) representation of states in Congress

Many Antifederalists opposed ratification of the Constitution until they were guaranteed
a) better protection of individual liberties
b) increased presidential authority to wage war
c) stricter control over state spending
d) expanded police powers

At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise and the Three-fifths Compromise both involved the issue of how
a) new states would be created
b) states would be represented in the national government
c) the armed forces would be controlled
d) presidential elections would be conducted

Which principle of government is found in both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States?
a) The right to vote must be guaranteed to all Americans.
b) Supreme Court justices should be elected by the people.
c) Governing power should be divided between different levels of government.
d) States have the right to secede from the Union.

According to the United States Constitution, the federal census is used to determine the
a) size of the United States Supreme Court
b) maximum number of cabinet members
c) apportionment of members in the House of Representatives
d) number of senators allotted to each state

What is the most democratic feature of the original Constitution of the United States?
a) role given to the electoral college in presidential elections
b) appointment of ambassadors by the president
c) direct election of the members of the House of Representatives
d) lifetime appointments for Supreme Court justices

The framework of government described in the Constitution of the United States (1787) most clearly shows the dissatisfaction of the founders with the
a) Albany Plan of Union
b) Northwest Ordinance
c) Articles of Confederation
d) Treaty of Paris

At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise between the large states and the small states resulted in
a) the creation of a bicameral legislature
b) a provision for equal protection of the laws
c) a permanent solution to the slavery issue
d) the guarantee of voting rights for all male property owners

The term federalism is best defined as
a) the process of amending a constitution
b) the power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of laws
c) a republican form of government with no hereditary ruler
d) the division of power between the states and the national government

Which action is an example of the use of checks and balances?
a) impeachment of President Bill Clinton
b) choosing a vice presidential running mate by a presidential candidate
c) election of the Speaker of the House by the majority party
d) starting negotiations for a treaty by President George Washington

“Senate Rejects Supreme Court Nominee”, “Supreme Court Declares National Recovery Act (NRA) Unconstitutional”, “Congress Overrides Truman Veto of Taft-Hartley Act” Each of these headlines illustrates the use of
a) reserved powers
b) executive privilege
c) checks and balances
d) federal supremacy

At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, supporters of the Virginia plan and supporters of the New Jersey plan differed over the method for
a) determining congressional representation
b) selecting the president’s cabinet
c) adopting the amendment process
d) giving powers to the executive branch

Which provision of the original Constitution allows Congress to enact legislation that adapts to changing circumstances?
a) due process
b) elastic clause
c) electoral college
d) Three-fifths Compromise

The Three-fifths Compromise adopted in the Constitution in 1787 had the effect of
a) increasing the representation of southern states in Congress
b) providing a method for ratifying amendments
c) making possible the impeachment of the president
d) allowing the use of the elastic clause in the legislative process

Which headline is reporting the clearest example of the United States Constitution’s system of checks and balances?
a) “Environmental Protection Agency Proposes Stricter Air Pollution Controls”
b) “Supreme Court Rules on Arizona Immigration Law”
c) “President Vetoes Defense Spending Bill”
d) “California Passes Strict Gun Control Law”

Which issue did the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Great Compromise address at the Constitutional Convention (1787)?
a) the power to regulate interstate commerce
b) the number of justices on the Supreme Court
c) a system for electing the president
d) a method of determining state representation in Congress

Many critics of the electoral college system point out that it
a) penalizes the states with the smallest population
b) encourages the formation of minor political parties
c) grants too much influence to the United States Senate
d) might not select the candidate with the largest number of popular votes

Which constitutional principle best protects the public from abuse by one branch of government?
a) equality
b) federalism
c) executive privilege
d) checks and balances

According to the Constitution, the president is required to
a) sign or veto bills passed by Congress
b) establish income tax rates
c) review Supreme Court decisions
d) raise money for political parties

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