Rocks/Ocean/Groundwater: Question Preview (ID: 31798)


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What forms from two oceanic plates pulling away from each other?
a) Abyssal Plain
b) Continental Rise
c) Mid-ocean ridge
d) Trench

Which 2 factors determine density of ocean water?
a) Latitude and Longitude
b) Latitude and Salinity
c) Salinity and Temperature
d) Temperature and Latitude

Which of the following accounts for different levels of salinity in oceans?
a) Changes in the density of ocean water
b) Dumping of salt into oceans water near coastal cities
c) Extraction of ocean water for desalination by coastal nations
d) High Evaporation rates of the ocean's surface

Which of the following describes convection currents?
a) When water gains heat it becomes denser and sinks
b) When water gains heat, it dissolves more solids/gases, gets denser and sinks
c) When water loses heat it becomes denser and sinks
d) When water loses heat to cooler water, the cooler water becomes more dense and sinks

Which of the following carries the most amount of water?
a) Channel
b) Stream
c) Tributary
d) River System

Which of the following has the highest density?
a) Cold water with High salinity
b) Cold water with Low salinity
c) Warm water with High salinity
d) Warm water with Low salinity

Which type of soil is the best for an aquifer?
a) High porosity, High permeability
b) High porosity, Low permeability
c) Low porosity, High permeability
d) Low porosity, Low permeability

What is the term for the level of groundwater?
a) Divide
b) Floodplain
c) Watershed
d) Water Table

Which type of soil holds the most water?
a) High permeability
b) High porosity
c) Low permeability
d) Low porosity

Which of the following describes rock formed from cooled lava on Earth's surface?
a) Claustic Sedimentary
b) Foliated Metamorphic
c) Extrusive Igneous
d) Intrusive igneous

What would cause stones in a stream to erode?
a) Flowing of water
b) Freezing and Thawing
c) Gravity
d) Movement of ice

When sediment is pushed together on a river delta, what term describes the rock that will form?
a) clastic
b) extrusive
c) foliated
d) organic

Which processes are needed for sedimentary rock to be formed from metamorphic rock
a) Heat
b) Erosion and Deposition
c) Melting and Solidification
d) Volcanic eruption

What is the meaning of subsidence?
a) The moving of Earth's crust in any direction
b) The rising of Earth's crust
c) The shifting of Earth's crust sideways
d) The sinking of Earth's crust

When volcanic ash fall from the sky and lands on Earth, which of the following describes what is going on?
a) Deposition
b) Erosion
c) Subsidence
d) Weathering

What is the term for the cracking of rock due to heating and cooling over time?
a) Cementation
b) Deposition
c) Subsidence
d) Weathering

What is the term for the formation of mountain ranges due to the collision of tectonic plates?
a) Deposition
b) Subsidence
c) Uplift
d) Weathering

Which of the following describes igneous rock?
a) Rock created through erosion of other rocks
b) Rock created by magma from volcanic eruptions
c) Rock created in the deep portion of the crust through chemical changes
d) Rock created through deposition of other rocks

Which of the following defines Metamorphic rock?
a) Rock created through erosion of other rocks
b) Rock created by magma from volcanic eruptions
c) Rock created in the deep portion of the crust through chemical changes
d) Rock created through deposition of other rocks

Which of the following conditions creates Sedimentary rock?
a) Cementation
b) Deposition
c) Erosion
d) All of the above

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