NC EOC Biology Review - Standard 2 - Part 1: Question Preview (ID: 31692)

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Spores are advantageous because they are reproductive structures
a) that grow extremely tall.
b) that are part of independent assortment.
c) that have to be fertilized.
d) that do not have to be fertilized.

The overall goal of respiration is to
a) exchange gases
b) produce ATP
c) retain or keep gases
d) produce glucose

Single-celled organisms such as bacteria and protists take in gases by
a) active transport
b) osmosis
c) facilitated diffusion
d) simple diffusion

Plants are autotrophs because they obtain their nutrients through
a) photosynthesis
b) cellular respiration
c) osmosis
d) active transport

Transpiration is
a) the gain of water through stomata
b) the loss of oxygen through stomata
c) the loss of water from stomata
d) the gain of oxygen through stomata

Plants excrete waste through
a) stomata
b) stems
c) mesophyll cells
d) they don't excrete waste

Plants transport water through a type of vascular tissue called
a) xylem
b) phloem
c) non-vascular tissue
d) veins

Plants transport food through a type of vascular tissue called
a) xylem
b) phloem
c) non-vascular tissue
d) veins

The amount of energy available as it moves up a food chain
a) increases
b) stays the same
c) decreases
d) fluctuates (changes)

Why does energy decrease as it moves up an energy pyramid?
a) Energy actually increases
b) Some is used to perform life functions.
c) It is wasted
d) Energy stays the same.

Many animals transport needed materials through
a) vascular tissue
b) xylem
c) skin
d) circulatory system with blood vessels

Nitrogen is essential because it is a key component of
a) carbohydrates and lipids
b) carbohydrates and nucleic acids
c) proteins and lipids
d) proteins and nucleic acids

All of the following are ways nitrogen is made available to plants except
a) nitrogen-fixing bacteria
b) respiration
c) lightning
d) animal excretion

Excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can lead to
a) the greenhouse effect
b) a warming effect
c) global warming
d) extra pollution

The process that holds heat in the atmosphere and keeps the earth warm is called
a) the greenhouse effect
b) global warming
c) warming effect
d) nothing, heat does not get held in the atmosphere

What are 2 ways that consumers return carbon to the atmosphere?
a) Respiration and photosynthesis
b) Respiration and Decomposition
c) Respiration and eating
d) Respiration and sleeping

How does carbon enter plants?
a) cellular respiration
b) nitrification
c) oxygenation
d) photosynthesis

Mammals that have complete development inside the uterus are called
a) marsupial
b) monotremes
c) placental
d) developmental

Mammals that lay eggs are called
a) marsupials
b) monotremes
c) placental
d) They are not mammals.

Mammals that have partial development in a pouch are called
a) marsupials
b) monotremes
c) placental
d) developmental

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