Samuels BIO Excretory System: Question Preview (ID: 31666)

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What are the tubes that carry urine from the pelvis of the kidneys to the urinary bladder called?
a) ureter
b) urethra
c) fallopian tube
d) urinary duct

What is the tube that carries urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body?
a) urethra
b) ureter
c) fallopian tube
d) urinary duct

What organ of the excretory system is responsible for filtering blood in order to remove cellular waste products from the body?
a) kidneys
b) liver
c) gallbladder
d) urinary bladder

What are the filtering units in the kidneys called?
a) nephrons
b) medulla
c) cortex
d) renal artery

Which of the following does the kidney remove from the blood?
a) urea
b) water
c) salt
d) all of these

How does the kidney maintain homeostasis?
a) balancing electrolytes
b) balancing pH
c) balancing water and salt
d) all of these

Which of the following is not a step of nephrons filtering blood?
a) addition
b) filtration
c) reabsorption
d) excretion

______ can be used to clean and and filter the blood if kidneys are malfunctioning/damaged/missing,
a) dialysis
b) hemolysis
c) transfusion
d) IV drip

What kidney problem causes severe pain, blood in urine and a mineral deposit in the kidney, ureter or bladder?
a) kidney stone
b) diabetes
c) childbirth
d) kidney transplant

Your body’s entire volume of blood is filtered every ________.
a) 45 minutes
b) 6 hours
c) 12 hours
d) 24 hours

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