Biology Final Exam Review 20216: Question Preview (ID: 31490)

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Most plants appear green because chlorophyll
a) does not absorb green light
b) reflect violet light
c) absorbs green light
d) none of the choices

The light-collecting units of a chloroplast are the
a) electron carriers
b) photosystems
c) stroma
d) high-energy sugars

What are the products of the light-dependent reactions?
a) oxygen gas
b) ATP
d) all of the choices are products of LD reactions

The Calvin cycle takes place in the
a) stroma
b) photosystems
c) thylakoid membranes
d) chlorophyll molecules

What are the reactants in the equation for cellular respiration?
a) oxygen and lactic acid
b) carbon dioxide and water
c) glucose and oxygen
d) water and glucose

The starting molecule for glycolysis is
a) ADP
b) pyruvic acid
c) citric acid
d) glucose

During one turn, the Krebs cycle produces
a) oxygen
b) lactic acid
c) electron carriers
d) glucose

Which of the following passes high-energy electrons into the electron transport chain?
a) NADH and FADH2
b) ATP and ADP
c) citric acid
d) acetyl-CoA

Cellular respiration uses one molecule of glucose to produce
a) 2 ATP molecules
b) 54 ATP molecules
c) 36 ATP molecules
d) 34 ATP molecules

When during the cell cycle are chromosomes visible?
a) only during interphase
b) only when they are being replicated
c) only during the M phase
d) only during the G1 phase

When during the cell cycle is a cell's DNA replicated?
a) G1 phase
b) G2 phase
c) S phase
d) M phase

Which of the following represents the phases of mitosis in their proper sequence?
a) prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
b) interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase,
c) interphase, prophase, metaphase, telophase
d) prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokinesis

The two main stages of cell division are called
a) mitosis and interphase
b) synthesis and cytokinesis
c) the M phase and the S phase
d) mitosis and cytokinesis

Which of the following are used in the overall reactions for photosynthesis?
a) carbon dioxide
b) water
c) light
d) all of the choices are correct

Energy is released from ATP when
a) a phosphate group is added
b) adenine bonds to ribose
c) ATP is exposed to sunlight
d) a phosphate group is removed

Diffusion occurs because
a) molecules constantly move and collide with each other
b) the concentration of a solution is never the same throughout a solution
c) the concentration of a solution is always the same throughout the solution
d) molecules never move or collide with one another

Which cell structure contains the cell's genetic material?
a) nucleus
b) golgi body
c) endoplasmic reticulum
d) cytoplasm

Which structures carry out cell movement?
a) microtubules and microfilaments
b) cytoplasm and ribosomes
c) nucleolus and nucleus
d) chromosomes

Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are easier for the cell to use?
a) chloroplast
b) Golgi Body
c) mitochondria
d) lysosome

Schleiden AND Schwann declared that
a) all plants were made of cells
b) All animals were made of cells
c) plants and animal cells are special
d) all plants and animals are made of cells

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