6th Grade EOG Review- Earth Science: Question Preview (ID: 31381)


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Which moon phases are associated with eclipses?
a) full and new
b) full and quarter
c) new and quarter
d) waxing and waning

Why does Earth have different seasons?
a) because of the distance between Earth and sun
b) because of the speed of Earth as it rotates on its axis
c) because of the amount of light blocked by the moon on its axis
d) because of the tilt of the Earth on its axis as it moves around the sun

How long does it take Earth to rotate one time on its axis
a) 1 day
b) 1 week
c) 1 month
d) 1 year

Which represents information that gained as a result of space exploration?
a) weather and climate patterns that occur on Earth
b) existence of the sun and the moon in the solar system
c) how to use coal and natural gas as energy sources
d) location of plates found upon Earth's suface

What is the name for the organic matter found in soil?
a) humus
b) igneous rock
c) sedimentary rock
d) topsoil

Which soil layer is used for growing crops?
a) the bedrock
b) the weathered rock
c) the subsoil
d) the topsoil

Why is Venus sometimes called Earth's twin?
a) venus's air has the same gases
b) venus is about the same size and density as Earth
c) venus was born at the same time
d) venus rotates in the same direction

What is it called when wind blows sand and silt against exposed rock, eventually wearing away the rock's surface?
a) erosion
b) oxidation
c) chemical weathering
d) abrasion

During the rock cycle, what forms when magma cools?
a) sedimentary rock
b) igneous rock
c) metamorphic rock
d) foliated rock

Most earthquakes occur along the edges of
a) seismic gaps
b) wave boundaries
c) tectonic plates
d) epicenters

What happens at mid-ocean ridges?
a) earthquakes
b) sea-floor spreading
c) faults
d) magnetic reversals

Which of the following describes the process by which sediment drops and comes to rest?
a) cementation
b) erosion
c) melting
d) deposition

Which layer of the Earth is the MOST dense?
a) the crust
b) the mantle
c) the outer core
d) the inner core

The inner planets are also called
a) gas giants
b) dwarf planets
c) terrestrial planets
d) wanderers

The waves of energy from earthquakes that travel through Earth are called
a) gap waves
b) transform waves
c) seismic waves
d) earthquake waves

Which of these Earth layers is the thinnest?
a) the crust
b) the mantle
c) the outer core
d) the inner core

Which two factors are the MOST important for life on Earth?
a) chlorophyll and nitrogen
b) nitrogen and hydrogen
c) liquid water and carbon
d) liquid water and helium

In which type of plate boundary is new crust formed?
a) convergent
b) divergent
c) transform
d) subduction

What determines which plate will sink in a subduction zone?
a) the volume
b) the weight
c) the mass
d) the density

What is the largest component of soil?
a) living organisms
b) weathered rock
c) weathered metal
d) dead organisms

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