American Government Final Review Set 3: Question Preview (ID: 31254)

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The Bill of Rights is a list of
a) ways to cancel legislation.
b) rules for national elections.
c) ways to amend the Constitution.
d) basic freedoms and rights.

The 22nd Amendment was passed in reaction to what unwritten custom that was broken?
a) the no-third-term tradition
b) the Electoral College tradition
c) the senatorial courtesy tradition
d) the President’s Cabinet tradition

Which of the following is part of the role of the judicial branch?
a) to propose amendments
b) to interpret and apply the Constitution
c) to edit parts of the Constitution for Congress
d) to make executive agreements

Presidents sometimes send forces into combat without a formal declaration of war from Congress. Presidents do this under what constitutional authority?
a) through the system of checks and balances
b) through their power to make executive agreements
c) through their power as commander-in-chief
d) by ignoring Congress, which has little authority

Which is a method that can be used to add amendments to the Constitution?
a) proposal by Congress; ratification by state legislatures
b) proposal by state governors; ratification by state conventions
c) proposal by national convention; ratification by Supreme Court
d) proposal by executive branch; ratification by state legislatures

aEach branch of the federal government can limit the power of the other two branches. What is this system called?
a) limited government
b) checks and balances
c) popular sovereignty
d) federalism

What does federalism mean?
a) that people should be guaranteed basic rights
b) that people are the source of government’s power
c) that power is divided among a national government and the states
d) that most power belongs with the national government

Which basic principle of the Constitution means that government can govern only with the consent of the governed?
a) federalism
b) judicial review
c) checks and balances
d) popular sovereignty

Which is an example of the President using executive power to expand the Constitution?
a) passing laws to regulate interstate commerce
b) casting a vote for legislation in Congress
c) directing the Supreme Court to make certain decisions
d) sending troops into combat on executive orders alone

Which amendment ended slavery after the Civil War?
a) 13th Amendment
b) 18th Amendment
c) 14th Amendment
d) 22nd Amendment

What is the difference between an executive agreement and a treaty?
a) Executive agreements deal only with domestic issues.
b) Treaties deal only with domestic issues.
c) Treaties must be approved by the Senate.
d) Executive agreements must be approved by the House.

How can the courts influence the meaning of the Constitution?
a) through the Cabinet
b) through judicial review
c) by teaching classes at the Electoral College
d) through conventions

How did the courts get the power of judicial review?
a) by an act of Congress
b) through the Cabinet
c) in Article VII of the Constitution
d) through the Marbury v. Madison decision

In what way is the formal amendment process an example of federalism at work?
a) Proposal is at the national level; ratification is state-by-state.
b) Amendments are proposed and ratified at the federal level.
c) Amendments are approved by a majority of state governors.
d) The federal judicial branch proposes all amendments.

How can the executive branch check the power of the legislative branch?
a) veto legislation
b) create lower courts
c) impeach members of Congress
d) appoint more judges

What is outlined in the first three articles of the Constitution?
a) the ratification process
b) the federal government structure
c) how to add amendments
d) relations among the states

The nomination of candidates for the presidency
a) is in Article II of the Constitution.
b) takes place at national conventions.
c) is a duty of the electoral college.
d) is a duty of the State legislatures.

In what way is the formal amendment process an example of federalism at work?
a) Proposal is at the national level; ratification is State-by-State.
b) Amendments are proposed and ratified at the federal level.
c) Amendments are approved by a majority of State governors.
d) The Federal judicial branch proposes all amendments.

Why did the Framers leave some sections of the Constitution without detail, like an outline?
a) They did not have time to finish those sections.
b) They did not think further details would be necessary.
c) They did not want to limit the power of the government.
d) They wanted to keep the Constitution flexible, allowing for changing times.

The Cabinet, which advises the President, is made up of the 15 executive department heads because
a) this is outlined in the Constitution.
b) custom and tradition have made it so.
c) Congress wrote legislation requiring it.
d) the first President demanded this arrangement.

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