Gov't EOC Review Part 1: Question Preview (ID: 31138)


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Where are the reserved powers are found in the Constitution?
a) 10th Amendment
b) 9th Amendment
c) Preamble
d) Article VI

What was our first constitution? (It had many weaknesses)
a) Articles of Confederation
b) Declaration of Independence
c) Mayflower Compact
d) Magna Carta

Which Political theorist stressed the need for Separation of Powers?
a) Baron De Montesquieu
b) John Locke
c) Jean Jacques Rousseau
d) Thomas Hobbes

Which political theorist said that once rulers break the contract, the people are free to choose another set of rulers. He also stressed checks and balances.
a) Jean Jacques Rousseau
b) John Locke
c) Baron De Montesquieu
d) Thomas Hobbes

Which Social contract theorist believed in absolute monarchs as necessary to protect people?
a) Thomas Hobbes
b) Jean Jacques Rousseau
c) John Locke
d) Baron De Montesquieu

What are controls that each branch has to limit the power of the others called?
a) checks and balances
b) limited government
c) Concurrent Powers
d) separation of powers

What are powers held by both national and state governments at the same time called?
a) Concurrent Powers
b) Denied Powers
c) Reserved Powers
d) Delegated powers

What was the plan proposed by Roger Sherman at the Constitutional convention in which elements of the Virginia plan and New Jersey plan were combined? (It is the basis for our current Congress.)
a) Connecticut Compromise (Great Compromise)
b) Northwest Ordinances
c) Three-Fifths Compromise
d) Mayflower Compact

Which Document written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 formally stated our intent to break away from England.
a) Declaration of Independence
b) Articles of Confederation
c) Mayflower Compact
d) The Constitution

What is a division of powers between levels of government, generally between national and state called?
a) federalism
b) separation of powers
c) checks and balances
d) judicial review

What were those who favored the ratification of the constitution called. Includes John jay, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton
a) Federalists
b) Whigs
c) Anti-federalists
d) Tories

Which part of our Constitution allows for flexibility?
a) Amendments
b) Articles
c) Preamble
d) Declaration

Which Court case allowed the act of courts examining laws to determine if they are against the constitution or not
a) Marbury v. Madison
b) Brown v. Topeka
c) McCulloch v. Maryland
d) Plessy v. Ferguson

What was the 1st document in English history to limit power of the monarch?
a) Magna Carta
b) Mayflower Compact
c) English Bill of Rights
d) Articles of Confederation

What is the the idea that whoever gets more votes gets to take office, but the group that loses is still guaranteed rights called
a) majority rule/minority rights
b) limited government
c) judicial review
d) popular sovereignty

What is the idea that the authority to rule rests with the people called?
a) popular sovereignty
b) majority rule/minority rights
c) federalism
d) checks and balances

Because we have a government of elected officials who hold power transferred by the vote of people, then what do we have?
a) republic
b) democracy
c) monarchy
d) oligarchy

Because our executive is separately elected from the legislature, then what do we have?
a) presidential system
b) parliamentary system
c) totalitarian dictator
d) absolute monarchy

Because England chooses their executive from their legislature, then what do they have?
a) parliamentary system
b) presidential system
c) totalitarian dictator
d) absolute monarchy

Who is the executive of Missouri?
a) Governor
b) Mayor
c) County Executive
d) Commissioner

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