Unit 4 Test Review: Question Preview (ID: 30342)

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What is the definition of Imperialism?
a) The domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
b) Pride in one’s nation
c) Countries or regions whose government is controlled by another distant country
d) Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, nations, etc.

How was propaganda used by European powers?
a) To promote their own nationalism
b) To support the need to “civilize” the people in Africa and Asia
c) To make the conquered peoples look unintelligent and needy
d) All of the above

What made imperialism possible?
a) The formation of nation-states
b) The Industrial Revolution
c) Growing nationalism
d) All of the above

How did industrialization impact imperialism?
a) Made it easier to practice your own religion without persecution.
b) New technology like steam ships and guns allowed for further travel and for power over un-industrialized peoples.
c) Great Britain and France lost power and were forced to become colonies
d) Enabled France to defeat Great Britain and take over their colonies.

What is an example of Nationalism?
a) National holidays
b) Waving of the flag
c) Saying the Pledge of Allegiance
d) All of the above

How was imperialism caused by political aspirations?
a) Desire for power, prestige, security (military bases), and diplomatic advantages
b) Competition with other nations for power/control= need to keep a balance of power
c) Both A and B
d) Neither A nor B

What was the moral or ideological justification for imperialism held by Europeans?
a) That the colonized people were able to take care of themselves and were seen as equals.
b) That the colonized people would be left to live as they had in the past without challenge.
c) To convert the “savages” to Christianity and “protect” them from themselves by controlling them.
d) To help only those who wanted the help from them.

What was the Europeans accepted idea of race?
a) That all humans were equal and the concept of race did not exist.
b) That all humans should be treated equal regardless of race.
c) That Europeans were superior to all other races.
d) That Europeans were inferior to all other races.

Which motive of imperialism was the most prevalent and important to European powers?
a) Idealogical
b) Economic
c) Religious
d) Exploratory

Which motive was related to scientific and medical discoveries
a) Idealogical
b) Economic
c) Religious
d) Exploratory

Before a nation can begin to industrialize, that nation must first develop…
a) a democratic government
b) a rigid social structure
c) a strong religious foundation
d) an adequate food supply

Which situation in Great Britain was a major reason why the Industrial Revolution began there?
a) an ample supply of human and natural resources
b) increasing power of the laboring class
c) high quality of public education
d) eagerness of the nobility to become factory owners

During the age of 19th-century imperialism, the economies of colonies were often changed from subsistence economies based on
a) exporting raw materials
b) heavy industry
c) commercial banking
d) agricultural communes

Throughout the 1800’s, an increased need for both raw materials and new markets for manufactured goods led various European nations to pursue policies of
a) Imperialism
b) Socialism
c) Isolationism
d) Communism

Which was a major effect of European imperialism on Africa?
a) Most African nations developed self-sufficient economies.
b) Africans and Europeans developed a respect for each other’s cultures.
c) Africans became economically dependent on European nations.
d) Most Africans voluntarily abandoned tribal or ethnic loyalties for European values.

Which statement best reflects the attitude of Great Britain, Germany, and France toward Africa and Asia during the 19th century?
a) We should not become involved with people who are different from us.
b) These lands are sources of raw materials and markets for our products.
c) There are many advantages to sharing and learning from other cultures.
d) The political power and wealth of these areas and threats to our position in the world.

European imperialism promoted the development of nationalism in Asian and African countries by
a) unintentionally uniting people to oppose foreign domination
b) promoting free trade associations among the colonies
c) establishing Christianity as the common religion
d) discouraging patriotic feelings toward the mother country

European nations acquired colonies in Southeast Asia mainly to
a) gain resources and markets for their industries
b) obtain land to resettle their surplus population
c) foster a spirit of international interdependence
d) prevent China from gaining dominance in the region

The diversity of languages spoken in these Southeast Asian nations reflects the lasting legacy of
a) Socialism
b) Asian Nationalism
c) Traditionalism
d) European Colonization

Spain’s policy of mercantilism affected the development of Latin American nations by promoting
a) the production of raw materials and cash crops
b) free and rapid trade with Asia and Africa
c) respect for the rights of indigenous people
d) isolationism as a response to international political issues

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