Change Over Time-grade 8 Ohio: Question Preview (ID: 30190)

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A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce fertile offspring
a) species
b) evolution
c) adaptation
d) fossil

A trait that increases an organism's ability to survive and reproduce
a) evolution
b) natural selection
c) adaptation
d) variation

the process of change over time
a) natural selection
b) survival
c) adaptation
d) evolution

a well-tested concept that explains a wide range of observations
a) hypothesis
b) scientific theory
c) species
d) idea

the process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce more than other members of the same species
a) adaptation
b) variation
c) natural selection
d) gradualism

any difference between individuals of the same species
a) variation
b) evolution
c) gradualism
d) natural selection

small changes that add up to major changes over a long period of time
a) gradualism
b) punctuated equilibrium
c) natural selection
d) variation

a pattern in which species evolve during short periods of rapid change and then don't change much
a) variation
b) exinction
c) gradualism
d) punctuated equilibrium

Most organisms that lived in the past are now ___________.
a) varied
b) extinct
c) gradually adapted
d) naturally selected

When environmental conditions change and species lack adaptive traits for survival /reproduction, what is likely to happen?
a) homologous structures
b) punctuated equilibrium
c) gradualism
d) extinction of that species

Darwin decided that the differences in the finches's beaks were due to
a) the seasonal climate patterns
b) adaptations of the finches to different environments
c) the fossilized remains of the ancestors
d) mating rituals of the male crested-bill finch

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