Classification: Question Preview (ID: 29227)

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A scientist is writing an article about the classification of various types of bacteria. Which statement is most relevant to the article?
a) Bacteria can be grouped based on their size.
b) Bacteria can be grouped according to the environment in which they live.
c) Bacteria can be grouped based on their shape.
d) Bacteria can be grouped according to their method of reproduction.

Which of the following types of reproduction is not typical of bacteria and archaea?
a) asexual
b) sexual
c) budding
d) binary fission

Suppose a scientist discovers a new prokaryotic species. Which is the most reliable way to classify the species as a member of archaea or bacteria?
a) cell size and appearance
b) presence or absence of a nucleus
c) DNA sequencing
d) presence or absence of a cell wall

What do Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya all have in common?
a) They are all single-celled organisms.
b) They are all domains of life.
c) They are all multi-celled organisms.
d) They are all kingdoms of life.

Which of the following is true of Archaea?
a) They are single-celled organisms.
b) They have a similar evolutionary history to bacteria.
c) They have a nucleus.
d) They are generally much smaller than bacteria.

Which of the following is NOT true regarding organisms in the three domains of life?
a) Organisms in all domains are made up of cells.
b) Organisms of all domains have lipid plasma membranes.
c) Organisms of all domains have a nucleus.
d) Organisms of all domains pass on genetic information.

Which of the following statements is accurate?
a) Prokaryotes belong to both Archaea and Bacteria.
b) Bacteria belong to both Archaea and Prokarya.
c) Bacteria belong to Archaea but not Prokarya.
d) Archaea belong to Bacteria but not Prokarya.

The three domains include
a) Bacteria, Eukarya, and Animalia
b) Prokarya, Eukarya, and Protista
c) Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya
d) Bacteria, Archaea, and Animalia

Coral are multicellular organisms that reproduce asexually or sexually, produce larvae that swim, are heterotrophs, and do not have a cell wall. Coral are classified as
a) Protista
b) Fungi
c) Plantae
d) Animalia

What structure in eukaryotes corresponds to the nucleoid in prokaryotes?
a) genome
b) chromosome
c) nucleolus
d) nucleus

What is the highest taxonomic ranking in biology?
a) domain
b) order
c) phylum
d) kingdom

Which of the following best explains why a cell does NOT belong to Domain Bacteria?
a) It contains a cell wall.
b) It contains ribosomes.
c) It contains cytoplasm.
d) It contains a nucleus.

Kingdom Plantae includes all but which of the following organisms?
a) herbs
b) flowers
c) mushrooms
d) grasses

Both Bacteria and Archaea must do which of the following before they can reproduce?
a) replicate their DNA
b) split in half
c) find a mate
d) exchange genetic information with a mate

Which cellular organelle is found in plants and some protists?
a) nucleus
b) mitochondrion
c) chloroplast
d) ribosome

Which taxonomic ranking falls directly below the domain?
a) phylum
b) kingdom
c) class
d) order

Cells of the animal, plant, protist, and fungi kingdoms all contain what?
a) cell walls around their cells
b) chloroplasts
c) nucleoids
d) specialized cellular organelles

A scientist observes a previously unknown species. It is multicellular, has a cell wall, and lacks chloroplasts. The scientist also observes reproduction by budding. This organism should most likely be classified in Kingdom
a) Fungi
b) Animalia
c) Plantae
d) Protista

Which of the following is not a typical bacterial shape?
a) spiral-shaped
b) rod-shaped
c) spherical-shaped
d) cubed-shaped

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