The Rock Cycle: Question Preview (ID: 29131)

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The process in which sediments settle into a new location is called:
a) weathering
b) deposition
c) erosion
d) transport

Sediments become a layer through a process called:
a) compaction
b) cementation
c) sedimentation
d) deposition

Sediments that have been pressed together form which type of rock?
a) igneous rock
b) sedimentary rock
c) metamorphic rock

Which type of rock forms when molten magma or lava solidifies?
a) igneous rock
b) sedimentary rock
c) metamorphic rock

When rock is broken into small pieces, the pieces are called
a) chips
b) sediments
c) particles
d) pebbles

The process of rock forming is called the
a) weathering cycle
b) rock cycle
c) magma cycle
d) rock formation

How is igneous rock formed?
a) cooling of magma or lava
b) compaction and cementation
c) heat and pressure
d) weathering and erosion

What happens to change igneous or sedimentary rock to metamorphic rock?
a) cooling of magma or lava
b) weathering and erosion
c) compaction
d) heat and pressure

What is the name of hot molten rock under the Earth’s surface?
a) lava
b) hot rocks
c) lava and magma
d) magma

The breaking up of rock into small pieces through natural Earth processes is called
a) chips
b) erosion
c) compaction
d) weathering

Which of the following is not a process included in the rock cycle?
a) compaction and cementation
b) sliding and mixing
c) weathering and erosion
d) heat and pressure

When small pieces of rock are moved from one place to another by wind, water, and glaciers, it is called
a) erosion
b) rock flow
c) weathering
d) cementation

True or False: When magma cools it always forms igneous rocks.
a) False
b) True

Hot liquid rock on the Earth’s surface is called
a) magma
b) lava
c) both lava and magma
d) none

When intrusive igneous rocks form they are different from extrusive igneous rocks because
a) they cool faster and form crystals
b) they cool slowly and form a rock that is glassy
c) they cool slowly and form a rock that has crystals
d) Bazinga!

What happens to metamorphic rock when it melts:
a) it becomes sedimentary rock
b) it becomes intrusive igneous rock
c) it becomes extrusive igneous rock
d) it becomes magma

Metamorphic rocks are formed by:
a) melting into magma
b) sedimentary rocks under heat and pressure
c) cooling after a volcano erupts
d) small chunks of rock cementing and compacting together over time

Sedimentary rock is formed by:
a) high pressure and temperature
b) melting
c) cooling
d) compaction and cementation

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