Earthquakes And Volcanoes: Question Preview (ID: 28901)


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cinder cone volcano
a) a wide, gently sloping mountain built as lava flowed gradually down the side
b) a steep, con-shaped hill or small mountain made of ash and cinders
c) tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lave alternate with layers of ash.
d) high, level area from which lava flows

shield volcano
a) a wide, gently sloping mountain built as lava flowed gradually down the side
b) a steep, con-shaped hill or small mountain made of ash and cinders
c) tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lave alternate with layers of ash.
d) high, level area from which lava flows

pipe
a) a pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
b) a long tube in the ground that connects magma to earth's surface
c) a bowl shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano
d) an opening that allows lava and gas to leave a volcano

crater
a) a pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
b) a long tube in the ground that connects magma to earth's surface
c) a bowl shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano
d) an opening that allows lava and gas to leave a volcano

vent
a) a pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
b) a long tube in the ground that connects magma to earth's surface
c) a bowl shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano
d) an opening that allows lava and gas to leave a volcano

magma chamber
a) a pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
b) a long tube in the ground that connects magma to earth's surface
c) a bowl shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano
d) an opening that allows lava and gas to leave a volcano

Richter Scale
a) describes the magnitude (power) of an earthquake from 1-10
b) describes the amount of damage caused by an earthquake from 1-12
c) a method to triangulate exactly where the epicenter is
d) a method to find the focus of an earthquake

Mercalli Scale
a) describes the magnitude (power) of an earthquake from 1-10
b) describes the amount of damage caused by an earthquake from 1-12
c) a method to triangulate exactly where the epicenter is
d) a method to find the focus of an earthquake

surface waves
a) energy from an earthquake that moves from the focus, through earth's interior, and across earth's surface
b) seismic waves that move in and out; strongest and first of all seismic waves
c) seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up and down; cannot pass through liquid
d) seismic waves that move more slowly than the others but can produce severe ground movements

secondary waves (s-waves)
a) energy from an earthquake that moves from the focus, through earth's interior, and across earth's surface
b) seismic waves that move in and out; strongest and first of all seismic waves
c) seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up and down; cannot pass through liquid
d) seismic waves that move more slowly than the others but can produce severe ground movements

primary Waves (p-waves)
a) energy from an earthquake that moves from the focus, through earth's interior, and across earth's surface
b) seismic waves that move in and out; strongest and first of all seismic waves
c) seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up and down; cannot pass through liquid
d) seismic waves that move more slowly than the others but can produce severe ground movements

seismic waves
a) energy from an earthquake that moves from the focus, through earth's interior, and across earth's surface
b) seismic waves that move in and out; strongest and first of all seismic waves
c) seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up and down; cannot pass through liquid
d) seismic waves that move more slowly than the others but can produce severe ground movements

epicenter
a) a large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
b) the area beneath earth's surface where rock that is under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake
c) the point on earth's surface directly above the area where an earthquake begins
d) seismic waves that carry energy from the earthquake away in all directions

compression
a) a force that acts on rock to change its shape
b) pulling and stretching rocks so they become thinner in the middle
c) squeezing rocks until they fold or break
d) pushing rocks in two different directions

earthquake
a) the shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock below earth's surface
b) a tropical storm that has winds of about 119 kilometers per hour or higher
c) a rapidly whirling, funnel-shaped cloud that reaches down from a storm cloud
d) a weak spot in the crust of earth where magma bubbles up

Focus
a) a large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
b) the area beneath earth's surface where rock that is under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake
c) the point on earth's surface directly above the area where an earthquake begins
d) seismic waves that carry energy from the earthquake away in all directions

shearing
a) a force that acts on rock to change its shape
b) pulling and stretching rocks so they become thinner in the middle
c) squeezing rocks until they fold or break
d) pushing rocks in two different directions

Stess
a) a force that acts on rock to change its shape
b) pulling and stretching rocks so they become thinner in the middle
c) squeezing rocks until they fold or break
d) pushing rocks in two different directions

tension
a) a force that acts on rock to change its shape
b) pulling and stretching rocks so they become thinner in the middle
c) squeezing rocks until they fold or break
d) pushing rocks in two different directions

composite cone volcano
a) a wide, gently sloping mountain built as lava flowed gradually down the side
b) a steep, con-shaped hill or small mountain made of ash and cinders
c) tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lave alternate with layers of ash.
d) high, level area from which lava flows

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