OGT Review All Topics: Question Preview (ID: 28853)

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In recent years, the Spanish language has become more common in the United States, with ballots and signs in government buildings printed in English and Spanish. This is the result of increased
a) immigration from Mexico and other Latin American nations.
b) awareness of the religion of Mexico and other Latin American nations.
c) international commitments in Mexico and other Latin American nations.
d) agreements lowering trade barriers with Mexico and other Latin American nations.

One effect of industrialization in the United States in the late 19th century was
a) a decrease in child labor.
b) an increase in demand for handicraft goods.
c) a decrease in immigration to the United States.
d) an increase in urbanization.

One factor that motivated U.S. imperialism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the
a) development of closer political ties with European nations.
b) closing of China to all foreign trade.
c) support of international peacekeeping operations.
d) acquisition of new markets and sources of raw materials.

Natural law was a fundamental idea of the Enlightenment. Which concept is an application of natural law to the government’s role in the economic lives of its citizens?
a) free markets based on supply and demand
b) government control to achieve a favorable balance of trade
c) agriculture based on tenant farming and serfdom
d) lower taxes on the most privileged groups in society

At the end of World War II, Soviet armies liberated the countries of Eastern Europe from Nazi Germany. The occupation of these countries by the Soviet Union contributed to the development of the Cold War by
a) contributing to conflict in the Middle East.
b) bringing about the reunification of Germany.
c) strengthening the authority of the United Nations.
d) dividing Europe into communist and non-communist spheres.

One factor that contributed to the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations was. .
a) breakup of colonial empires in Africa and Asia.
b) decision of the United States not to join the League.
c) opposition of League members to the Treaty of Versailles.
d) rise of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.

During the Industrial Revolution of the late 19th century, farmers in the United States worked to increase their land holdings and modernize their equipment. A lasting effect of these changes was
a) higher prices for crops.
b) increased rural population density.
c) a shortage of land for farming.
d) greater productivity of farming.

In a democracy, the source of authority for the government is the
a) head of state.
b) legislature.
c) courts.
d) people.

Early in the 20th century, President Theodore Roosevelt advocated the conservation of the nation’s natural resources. These events signaled a change in how people perceived
a) farmland.
b) urban areas.
c) wilderness areas.
d) centers of industry and technology.

One cause of suburbanization in the United States during the 1920s was increased
a) overcrowding in cities.
b) economic opportunities in rural towns.
c) emigration from the United States.
d) economic reliance upon agriculture.

What was the result of this new technology on population patterns in the United States in the first half of the 20th century?
a) decreased growth of suburban areas
b) migration from the West to the Midwest
c) greater population density in urban areas
d) increased migration from urban to rural areas

The European Union’s objectives include reducing tariffs, promoting a single market, and creating a common currency. Based on these objectives, what type of world region does the European Union primarily represent?
a) Cultural
b) Physical
c) Regional
d) Economic

A newspaper headline states, “Federal Reserve Decides to Reduce the Money Supply; Slowing of the Economy Likely Impact.” According to the headline, the Federal Reserve
a) wants banks to reduce lending.
b) thinks the unemployment rate is too high.
c) wants banks to give more customers loans.
d) hopes that consumers will decide to spend more.

In the economy of a certain country, some factories are owned by individuals and private companies, and other factories are owned and controlled by the government. What type of economy does this country have?
a) mixed
b) market
c) Traditional
d) Command

Ecuador has an ideal climate for growing bananas, whereas the United States would have a difficult time growing them. In order to help U.S. consumers of bananas, the United States would likely
a) increase the cost of U.S. goods traded with Ecuador.
b) eliminate the tariff on bananas imported from Ecuador.
c) put an excise tax on bananas grown in the United States.
d) discourage world competition for the U.S. banana market.

In the United States, a citizen’s exercise of speech and expression may be legally restricted when that individual...
a) threatens public safety.
b) opposes public opinion.
c) criticizes public officials.
d) condemns public institutions.

How were draft card burnings different from other forms of protest such as organizing marches and publishing underground newspapers?
a) Draft card burnings were direct violations of a law perceived to be unjust.
b) Draft card burnings were protected under the First Amendment of the Constitution.
c) Draft card burnings were used to encourage young men to volunteer for military duty rather than be drafted.
d) Draft card burnings were a continuation of protest methods begun by the Ku Klux Klan in the 1960s.

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