Test Ch. 11: Question Preview (ID: 28845)

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What is the primary source of energy that causes evaporation of water from the surface of bodies of water?
a) solar radiation
b) transpiration by plants
c) heat from nearby land masses
d) convection currents in the water

Condensation in the water cycle can best be described as the result of water vapor
a) rising into the atmosphere, cooling and changing into a liquid form.
b) rising into the atmosphere, warming and changing into a gaseous form.
c) changing from a liquid form into a solid and forming snow.
d) changing from a gas form into a solid and forming hail.

Which of these factors causes water to evaporate the fastest?
a) high temperatures
b) high humdity
c) slow winds
d) slow runoff

Which phase change in the atmosphere forms clouds?
a) evaporation
b) freezing
c) condensation
d) melting

One characteristic that is unique to water is that it
a) has a low specific heat.
b) can be changed from a liquid to a solid.
c) dissolves very few substances.
d) exists naturally in three states on Earth.

 Where would the majority of the freshwater on Earth be found?
a) groundwater and aquifers
b) swamps and wetlands
c) ice caps and glaciers
d) lakes and rivers

Which fact best explains why most evaporation happens in the oceans?
a) Ocean water is salty.
b) There are mountain ranges on the ocean floor
c) About 97 percent of Earth’s water is ocean water.
d) Fewer clouds block sunlight over the ocean.

Which is Earth’s largest source of drinkable water?
a) lakes
b) rivers
c) oceans
d) aquifers

When moist air comes in contact with a cold surface in the winter, one result can be frost. What has happened to the water vapor in the air to cause frost?
a) It has melted
b) It has sublimated
c) It has evaporated
d) It has condensed

Which of the following contains most of the water on Earth?
a) The oceans
b) watershed
c) the atmosphere
d) ice and aquifers

Which type of water reservoir could always provide freshwater?
a) inland lakes
b) river deltas
c) mountain glaciers
d) tropical seas

Which feature makes up most of the surface of Earth?
a) hot gases
b) dry land
c) craters
d) water

As temperatures increase, which process is responsible for increasing the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere?
a) ionization
b) evaporation
c) respiration
d) condensation

Water that evaporates from lakes and streams condenses into clouds and later falls as rain. The property of water that is demonstrated is the ability to
a) act as a universal solvent.
b) change from a liquid to a gas.
c) boil at a high temperature.
d) absorb large amounts of energy.

Near Earth’s equator, water generally exists naturally in the liquid and gas states. In which other part of Earth is water usually found naturally in only two states?
a) Indian Ocean
b) interior of Africa
c) South Pole
d) Tropic of Cancer

During an ice age, enormous ice sheets called glaciers increase in size on Earth’s surface, resulting in decreased ocean depths. Due to global cooling, the water cycle is disrupted between which two stages to cause an increase in glacier size?
a) runoff and evaporation
b) transpiration and precipitation
c) precipitation and runoff
d) transpiration and evaporation

Which steps in the water cycle most directly cause floods?
a) precipitation and runoff
b) condensation and evaporation
c) runoff and condensation
d) evaporation and precipitation

Water vapor sometimes condenses into stratus clouds that are in contact with the ground. What forms as a result of this process?
a) ozone
b) methane
c) fog
d) smoke

Which factor determines whether precipitation will be in the form of rain or snow?
a) wind
b) humidity
c) air pressure
d) temperature

Which process in the water cycle would be accelerated by an increase in temperature?
a) runoff
b) evaporation
c) precipitation
d) condensation

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