Earth / Environmental Science: Question Preview (ID: 28751)

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Which consequence could an exponentially growing human population have on drinkable water?
a) It could cause a decrease in the amount of waste and pollutants in the water supply.
b) It could cause an increase in the amount of water available for the population.
c) It could cause an increase in cases of waterbourne dieseases.
d) It could cause a dcrease in needing water for survival.

Which is formed when a section of impermeable rock forces groundwater to move laterally and emerge onto the surface of Earth?
a) a spring
b) an aquifer
c) a geyser
d) a well

How could a long-term decrease in precipitation impact an area?
a) It could increase the average water level of lakes in the area.
b) It could increase the amount of flooding in the area.
c) It could decrease the amount of possible infiltration in the area.
d) It could decrease the possible amount of damage to crops in the area.

Why are ocean currents important to coastal regions?
a) They produce high and low tides along coastal regions.
b) They can warm or cool the air temperature along coastal regions.
c) They move vertically pushing warm water nutrients to the surface along coastal regions.
d) They increase the rate of precipitation as cold water moves along coastal regions.

Which results from the unequal heating of the ocean water of Earth?
a) a constant sea level
b) changes in tidal patterns
c) unchanging climate for all regions on Earth
d) changes in ocean current patterns

Large quantities of sand can be added to the beach to stabilize to shoreline. Which describes a disadvantage of this process.
a) It causes inland erosion.
b) It is a short-term solution.
c) It creates a barrier that prevents the tides from occuring along the coastline.
d) It creates a wall that disrupts the vegetation along the coastline.

Which is an advantage of safely using uranium as an energy source rater than using coal?
a) Uranium produces energy without polluting the atmosphere, while burning coal can increase the CO2 in the atmosphere.
b) Uranium reduces the amount of thermal pollution, while burning coal can increase the amount of thermal pollution.
c) Uranium is the most cost-efficient energy resource, while coal is the most expensive energy resource.
d) Uranium can be easily mined from deep within Earth, while coal is a hard resource to mine from deep within Earth.

Which is the Most Likely a prevention strategy for flooding?
a) building artifical levees
b) reducing water consumption
c) recycling bottle-water containers
d) building landfills for metal and other contaminants

How could the removal of trees and other vegetation impact an enviroment?
a) by increasing oxygen production
b) by increasing soil formation
c) by increasing transpiration
d) by increasing erosion

How can water be an agent for physical weathering?
a) by absorbing gases from the atmosphere and ground to chemically react with minerals
b) by seeping into the soil and dissolving the minerals in rocks
c) by absorbing sulfur oxides and creating acid precipitation
d) by seeping into cracks of rocks and freezing

Which agent of erosion leads to the formation of sand dunes?
a) ice
b) wind
c) water
d) gravity

Scientist are studying a graph showing the time difference between the seismic P-waves and the seismic S-waves as they travel through Earth. Which information can they learn from the graph?
a) the magnitude of an earthquake
b) the duration of an earthquake
c) the epicenter of an earthquake
d) the intesity of an earthquake

Which would produce the most severe earthquake damage along the surface of Earth?
a) an earthquake with a deep focus and a magnitude of 2.5
b) an earthquake with a shallow focus and a magnitude of 2.5
c) an earthquake with a deep focus and a magnitude of 4.5
d) and earthquake with a shallow focus and a magnitude of 4.5

Which structure can form as a result of a divergent plate boundary?
a) a continental volcanic arc, due to the collision of two plates
b) a continental mountain, due to the collision of two plates
c) a mid-ocean ridge, due to the seperation of two plates
d) an ocean trench, due to the seperation of two plates.

How does heat from the sun get to Earth?
a) by radiation, using electromagnetic waves to transfer the heat
b) by convection, using liquids and gases to transfer the heat
c) by conduction, using solids to transfer heat
d) by asporption, using primary waves to transfer the heat

why do green plants require solar energy?
a) to produce their own food
b) to absorb nitrogen into their roots
c) to release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere
d) to decompose the dead or decaying remains of animals

Which describes the difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion?
a) Nuclear Fusion splits a heavier nucleus into smaller nuclei.
b) Nuclear fusion is the process that produces the radiant energy of stars.
c) Nuclear fission produces the energy on the core of Earth.
d) Nuclear fission produces energy in nuclear power plants.

How does a straight alignment between Earth, the Sun, and the moon impact the tides on Earth?
a) It produces the greatest change in high and low tides.
b) It produces the least change in high and low tides.
c) It produces semidiurnal tides.
d) It produces diurnal tides.

If it is the summer in the northern hemisphere, which statement is true?
a) Earth has changed the tilit of its axis by 20 degrees due to its revolution.
b) It is winter in the southern hemisphere due to the tilt of Earth's axis.
c) It is summer in the southern hemisphere due to the tilt of Earth's Axis.
d) Earth has reached its closest point to the sun due to its revolution.

Which statement describes the motion of Earth around the sun?
a) The speed of Earth is constant regardless of its distance from the sun.
b) The speed of Earth is constant because the distance remains the same between Earth and the sun.
c) Speed increases the farther Earth is from the sun and decreases the closer it is to the sun.
d) Speed increases the closer Earth is to the sun and decreases the farther it is from the sun.

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